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Imbali yaseBridgetown Barbados: Ixabisa uhambo ngokwayo

Umfanekiso ngoncedo lwe-visitbarbados.org

Barbados izaliswe kwimiba enomtsalane ye-UNESCO yeLifa leMveli. Kwidolophu yezibuko kunye nekomkhulu leBridgetown, eli ziko likazwelonke lisebenza njengeyona nto iphambili ekugxilwe kuyo kwiiofisi ezinkulu, ipalamente, kunye nokuthenga. IGarrison yenye yeeNdawo ezisi-8 zoLondolozo lweLifa leMveli kwesi siqithi kwaye imele indlebe ebalaseleyo yembali yobukoloniyali bomkhosi. Phakathi kwebala lesi siza, kukho izakhiwo ezili-115 ezidwelisiweyo. Ukudityaniswa kweMbali yeBridgetown kunye neGarrison yayo imele ingqokelela efanelekileyo yembali, yobukoloniyali, kunye nolwakhiwo lweelwimi zomthonyama kunye nezinto ezilungileyo zobugcisa kunye nesayensi yocwangciso lwedolophu.

Kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo ukusuka kumava amnandi okupheka ukuya ekuthengeni, iBridgetown kunye netheminali yayo yokuhamba ngenqanawa kunye noyilo lwembali. ixabisa uhambo konke kukodwa.

Imbali yeBridgetown, ukusuka kwimbali yangaphambili yokuhlaliswa kwama-Amerindian ngokusebenzisa ikoloniyali yaseBritane, inkululeko, inkululeko kunye nokuza kuthi ga kumaxesha angoku, yimicrocosm yotshintsho olubalulekileyo lwezoqoqosho, lwentlalo, kunye nezopolitiko eBarbados ukutyhubela iinkulungwane.

Ngaphambi kweYurophu

Ukufunyaniswa kwezinto zakudala ePort St. Charles kubonisa ukuhlala kwama-Amerindian eBarbados ukubuyela emva kwi-1623 BCE. Ulwazi oluneenkcukacha lokuhlaliswa kwangaphambi kwembali eBridgetown akwaziwa, nangona ukugrumba kufumene ubungqina bokuhlala ngaphakathi kwendawo evalelwe yiFontabelle, iSpring Garden (eNtshona), iSuttle Street (eMantla), iCareenage (eMazantsi), kunye neGraves End (eMpuma). ). Zonke iisayithi zibonwa njengokufikelela ngokuthe ngqo kumanzi aselwayo emithombo. Enyanisweni, i-core central yaseBridgetown yayiyi-swamp ekhutshwe kwaye yazaliswa kamva. Izifundo ze-Archaeological zikwaqinisekisa ukuba iinkcubeko ezine ezinkulu ze-ceramic zase-Amerindi zazikho eBridgetown.

Abemi baseMelika baseMerika kwesi siqithi babeziphilisa ngokulima nabalobi. Basebenzisa ubuchule obuquka ukusika nokutshisa iifama ezaziwa ngokuba yiconuco, nto leyo eyadala imbonakalo yomhlaba yamabala amancinane angqongwe lihlathi elisangekasetyenziswa, ngokufuthi elikufutshane nomda wamanzi. Ngokufikelela kumashumi amawaka ukutyhubela iinkulungwane, ngaphambi kokufika kwabemi baseYurophu, amaIndiya aseMerika ayengasekho ngowe-1550, etshatyalaliswa lugqogqo lwamakhoboka olwaluvela kumathanga aseSpeyin. Nangona iinkcukacha ezithile zoluntu kwiBridgetown yanamhlanje zingaziwa, ibhulorho enqumla kuMlambo woMgaqo-siseko yafunyanwa kamva ngamakholoni amaNgesi, ekugqibeleni yaba ligama lesiXeko. IBarbados yafunyanwa ngokusemthethweni ngowe-1536 ngumkhenkethi odumileyo ongumPhuthukezi, uPedro a Campos ebudeni bohambo lwakhe lokuya eBrazil. Kamva yafunyanwa ngumhloli waseMelika, uJohn Wesley Powell nge-14 kaMeyi ka-1625.

IWTM yaseLondon ngo-2022 iya kuqhubeka ukususela nge-7-9 kaNovemba 2022. Bhalisa ngoku!

Ubukoloniyali baseBritane

Ixesha lobukoloniyali baseBritane liphawulwa ziinkulungwane ezine zophuhliso lwaselwandle, olwathi lwajika iBridgetown yaba yindawo ebalulekileyo yolawulo lwentengiso nomkhosi woBukhosi. Ukulandela iinqanawa zaseSpain kunye nesiPhuthukezi, ezathi ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesithandathu zihlala zimisa kancinci eBarbados ukuze zifumane amanzi, iinqanawa zamaNgesi zafika eBarbados ngo-1624 zayibanga iCrown. IBridgetown yazinziswa kwiminyaka emine kamva. Ukusukela kweli nqanaba, iBridgetown ilandele umkhondo wenkulungwane ye-17 yezinye iindawo zaselwandle ezifana neKingston, iBoston neNew York ngokwenani labemi nokubaluleka. Uluntu lwaqala lwamiselwa malunga nokulinywa komqhaphu kunye necuba kwiCaribbean, abanini-mhlaba abangamaNgesi bangenisa ama-Amerindians angamakhoboka kunye nabemi baseYurophu abangabemi.

Ummoba waziswa kwesi siqithi ngowe-1640 ngabalimi abafana noJames Drax, owayenomdla wokwenza utshintsho kwishishini lecuba elifayo waza wancediswa ngamaYuda aseSephardic awagxothwayo kwiPortugal yaseBrazil. Ukuqaliswa kommoba kwaqalisa inguqu yeenkqubo zoqoqosho nezentlalo zaseBarbadian apho iBridgetown yayikwimeko entle yokuyisebenzisa. Iimbali zembali zibonwa eBridgetown, kubandakanya neSinagoge yakwaNidhe yakwaSirayeli, enye yezona ndawo zindala kwintshona yehemisphere, eyaphinda yakhiwa emva kokuba inkanyamba ka-1831 itshabalalise uphahla lwayo.

I-Bridgetown yayinezibuko lendalo elikhuselekileyo kwi-Careenage, ebanzi ngokwaneleyo ukuba ibambe iinqanawa zemini kunye nokusingatha izibonelelo zedokhi yokwakha kunye nokugcinwa kweenqanawa. Amasimi amakhulu ngokukhawuleza asele eyinto esisiseko eBarbados, enothungelwano lweendlela ezijikelezayo eziphuhliswe ukuthutha iimpahla ukuya nokubuya kwizibuko lendalo eBridgetown ukuze zithunyelwe eYurophu. Ukutshintsha kweemfuno zemveliso kukwadale imfuno ephezulu yabasebenzi baseAfrika abangamakhoboka, kwaye iBridgetown yaba yindawo ephambili yokuhamba kunye nokuthengisa. Ukubonakalisa oku, i-demographics yase-Barbados yatshintsha isuka kwisiqithi ngo-1644 eyayinabantu abangama-800 bomnombo wase-Afrika kuma-30,000 ewonke, ukuya kwisiqithi ngo-1700 kunye nabantu abangama-60,000 abangama-80,000 bebonke. Ngasekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-17, iBridgetown yayisisinxulumanisi sorhwebo lwamazwe ngamazwe e-Bhritane yaseMelika, kwaye esinye sezona zixeko zintathu zikhulu: i-60% yokuthunyelwa kweNgesi kumazwe angaphandle kwiCaribbean yalungiswa ngezibuko laseBridgetown. Ukukhula kolu qoqosho olusekwe kurhwebo luhambelana nokunyuka komkhosi ukusuka kwi-1800 ukuya kwi-1885,

IBridgetown yayisisihlalo sikarhulumente kwindawo eyayisakuba ngamathanga aseBritane kwiziQithi zaseWindward. Ngowe-1881, uloliwe waseBarbados wagqitywa ukusuka eBridgetown ukuya eCarrington. Kungekudala emva koko, ubukho betram baba ngumqathango wangaphambili wophuhliso. IBlack Rock, iEagleHall, iFontabelle, iRoebuck kunye neBellville yayingamaziko amancinane akhule aphuma kuqhagamshelo lwetram ukuya kumbindi weBridgetown, kwaye ukusukela oko afakwa esixekweni.

Emva kokususwa kwemikhosi yaseBritane kwiikholoni ngo-1905, ikota yemihlaba ejikeleze i-Savannah yafunyanwa ngabanini-mhlaba babucala, kubandakanywa ne-Main Guard (de uRhulumente aphinde athathe ubunini ngo-1989). Namhlanje, kusekho ipropathi encinci kakhulu yokuhlala e-Savannah, kunye neendawo ezininzi zokuhlala ezivela kuguquko lwezakhiwo zomkhosi.

Emva kobukoloniyali

Elona ziko libalulekileyo kwimpuma yeCaribbean, iinguqu zoluntu zatshintsha iBridgetown phakathi kwinkulungwane yama-20. Ukufika kwemoto kudalwe kwaye kuqhubekile ukudala umngeni omkhulu kwizitrato ezimxinwa zaseBridgetown. Ngo-1962, kwiminyaka embalwa phambi kwenkululeko ngo-1966, uMlambo woMgaqo-siseko, i-Careenage kunye neendawo eziseleyo zomgxobhozo zazaliswa zaza zathatyathelw' indawo ngumjelo onomjelo. Oku kulandela ukwakhiwa kweZibuko laseBridgetown kunye neDeep Water Port ngo-1961, kutsalwa unxulumano lorhwebo nonxibelelwano kude neCareenage, kunye nayo namashishini anxulumeneyo. Iindawo zokugcina iimpahla ezingenanto ekugqibeleni zatshintshwa zaba ziiofisi, iivenkile, kunye neendawo zokupaka iimoto njengoko umbindi wezoshishino wawusanda.

Abemi baseBridgetown banda emva kokukhululwa ngo-1834 kwaye nangakumbi emva kokuguquguquka kweshishini lommoba kwakhokelela abasebenzi kwimimandla eselunxwemeni. Ukwahluka koqoqosho lweBarbados ukusukela ngeminyaka yoo-1950 ukuya koo-1970 kwazisa ukuhlala okukhulu eBridgetown, kuhamba ngaxeshanye nokufudukela kwabantu ezidolophini. Ummandla we-Greater Bridgetown ufumene umndilili wokukhula ngonyaka ngaphezulu kwe-14% phakathi ko-1920 no-1960, ngesantya sokukhula kwabemi esingaphantsi nje kwe-5%. Ngeminyaka yoo-1970 umda wedolophu waqala ukuzinza, nabantu bongezwa ngokugxininiswa komhlaba okhoyo. Ngo-1980, abemi baseBridgetown babeyi-106,500, emele i-43% yelizwe lonke. Uphuhliso loluntu kunye nemigaqo-nkqubo yokuphelisa intlupheko yalandela ngokukhawuleza, iqala kwirhamente yasezidolophini yaseSaint Michael, emva koko yasasazeka kwisiqithi sonke. Ukwahlulwa-hlulwa okuqhubelekayo kweendawo zokuhlala kwaqala ukuvelisa ingxaki yokungafikeleli kakuhle esitratweni, ukumila okungaqhelekanga kunye namaqashiso amancinane, kunye nokungabikho kweendawo zokuhlala. Nokuba zikhokelwa ngasese okanye zikhokelwa nguwonke-wonke, iziza zaphuhliswa ngaphandle kwendlela yocwangciso edibeneyo.

Kutsha nje, amanyathelo abalulekileyo aliqela abhiyozele kwaye aphakamisa ukubaluleka kwembali ebalaseleyo kunye nempahla yelifa lemveli yaseBridgetown. Ngo-2011, iHistoric Bridgetown kunye neGarrison yayo yamkelwa njengendawo yeLifa leMveli le-UNESCO. Le ngqwalasela ingundoqo ligalelo elibalulekileyo kwinkqubo yangoku yoLungiso lwePDP kwaye imise umda wesi siCwangciso soLuntu. Iindawo ezitsha zoluntu eziluhlaza zenziwe ngokuyilwa kweeGadi zeJubilee, i-Independence Square, kunye neCawe Village Green. Ukuphuculwa koMlambo kuMgaqo-siseko kutsha nje kubuyisele umjelo womlambo kunye noqhagamshelo ecaleni kwepaseji. Ekuqaleni koo-2000 ukubuyiselwa kweSinagoge yakwa-Nidhe yakwaSirayeli kunye ne-mikvah yayo kunye nokugqityezelwa okutsha nje kwesigaba sokuqala sokubuyiselwa kweSinagoge Block lusebenza njengomboniso, kunye nempembelelo enokubakho, utyalo-mali ngokutsha kwilifa lenkcubeko kumbindi weBridgetown.

Iindaba ezidibeneyo

Malunga nombhali

UJuergen T Steinmetz

UJuergen Thomas Steinmetz uqhubekile esebenza kwishishini lokuhamba nokhenketho okoko wafikisa eJamani (1977).
Uye waseka eTurboNews ngo-1999 njengephepha leendaba lokuqala kwi-intanethi kushishino lokhenketho lwehlabathi.

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