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IATA: Ukubuyiswa kohambo lomoya kuhlala kunamandla

IATA: Ukubuyiswa kohambo lomoya kuhlala kunamandla
Willie Walsh, uMlawuli Jikelele, IATA
Ibhalwe ngu UHarry Johnson

Emva kweminyaka emibini yokuvalwa kunye nezithintelo zemida abantu bathatha ithuba lenkululeko yokuhamba naphi na apho banokuhamba khona

The Umbutho wamazwe ngamazwe oThutho loMoya (IATA) ibhengeze idatha yabakhweli ngoJuni 2022 ebonisa ukuba ukubuyiswa kuhambo lomoya kuhlala kuqinile. 

  • Iyonke itrafikhi ngoJuni 2022 (elinganiswe ngengeniso yeekhilomitha zabakhweli okanye ii-RPKs) inyuke nge-76.2% xa kuthelekiswa noJuni 2021, iqhutywa ikakhulu kukuchacha okuthe gqolo kokuqhubekayo kwizithuthi zamazwe ngamazwe. Ehlabathini lonke, i-traffic ngoku ikwi-70.8% yamanqanaba angaphambi kwengxaki. 
  • Iitrafikhi zasekhaya ngoJuni ka-2022 benyuke nge-5.2% xa kuthelekiswa nexesha lonyaka odlulileyo. Uphuculo olomeleleyo kwiimarike ezininzi, kudityaniswe nokucuthwa kweminye imiqobo enxulumene nokuvalwa kwe-Omicron kwimarike yasekhaya yaseTshayina, kube negalelo kwisiphumo. Iyonke kweyeSilimela yowama-2022 izithuthi zangaphakathi bezikwi-81.4% yenqanaba leyeSilimela ngowama-2019.
  • Uthutho lwamazwe ngamazwe yenyuka ngama-229.5% xa kuthelekiswa noJuni ka-2021. NgoJuni 2022 iiRPK zamazwe ngamazwe zifikelele kwi-65.0% yamanqanaba kaJuni ka-2019.

“Imfuno yokuhamba ngenqwelomoya isahleli iqinile. Emva kweminyaka emibini yokuvalelwa kunye nezithintelo zemida abantu bathatha ithuba lenkululeko yokuhamba naphi na apho banokuhamba khona, ”utshilo UWillie Walsh, uMlawuli-Jikelele we-IATA

Iimakethi zaBakhweli baMazwe ngaMazwe

  • Iindiza zeAsia-Pacific ibe nokunyuka kwe-492.0% ngoJuni xa kuthelekiswa noJuni 2021. Umthamo unyuke nge-138.9% kwaye umba womthwalo unyuke ngepesenti ezingama-45.8 ukuya kuma-76.7%. Ummandla ngoku uvulelekile kubakhenkethi bamazwe angaphandle kunye nokhenketho olunceda ukukhuthaza ukuchacha.
  • Abaphethe iYurophu' Izithuthi zikaJuni zinyuke nge-234.4% xa kuthelekiswa noJuni 2021. Umthamo unyuke nge-134.5%, kwaye umba womthwalo unyuke nge-25.8 yeepesenti ukuya kwi-86.3%. I-traffic yamazwe ngamazwe ngaphakathi kweYurophu ingaphezulu kwamanqanaba angaphambi kobhubhane ngokwemiqathango ehlengahlengisiweyo ngamaxesha onyaka.
  • Iinqwelo-moya zaseMpuma Mpuma ' itrafikhi inyuke nge-246.5% ngoJuni xa kuthelekiswa noJuni 2021. Umthamo we-Juni unyuke nge-102.4% xa kuthelekiswa nexesha lonyaka ophelileyo, kwaye umba womthwalo unyuke ngepesenti ezingama-32.4 ukuya kuma-78.0%. 
  • Abathwali boMntla Melika ifumene i-168.9% yokunyuka kwezithuthi ngoJuni xa kuthelekiswa nexesha lika-2021. Umthamo unyuke nge-95.0%, kwaye umba womthwalo unyuke ngeepesenti ezingama-24.1 ukuya kuma-87.7%, eyona iphezulu phakathi kwemimandla.
  • Iindiza zeLatin American ' Izithuthi zikaJuni zenyuka nge-136.6% xa kuthelekiswa naloo nyanga inye ngo-2021. Umthamo kaJuni unyuke nge-107.4% kwaye umba womthwalo unyuke nge-10.3 yeepesenti ukuya kuma-83.3%. Emva kokukhokela imimandla kumthwalo weenyanga ezingama-20 ezilandelelanayo, iLatin America iye yatyibilika yabuyela kwindawo yesithathu ngoJuni.
  • Iindiza zeAfrika ibe nokunyuka kwe-103.6% ngoJuni RPKs ngokuchasene nonyaka odlulileyo. Umthamo kaJuni ka-2022 unyuke nge-61.9% kwaye ubungakanani bomthwalo bonyuke ngepesenti eyi-15.2 ukuya kuma-74.2%, eyona iphantsi phakathi kwemimandla. Uthutho lwamazwe ngamazwe phakathi kweAfrika kunye nemimandla engabamelwane isondele kumanqanaba angaphambi kobhubhane.

“Ngeli xesha lokuhamba ehlotyeni elikuMntla weIkhweyitha ngoku liqhubeka ngokupheleleyo, uqikelelo lokuba ukushenxiswa kwezithintelo zokuhamba kuya kuzisa inyanda yemfuno yohambo yokuya phambili. Kwangaxeshanye, ukuhlangabezana naloo mfuno kuye kwangqineka kulucelomngeni yaye kusenokwenzeka ukuba kuseza kuqhubeka kunjalo. Zonke isizathu ngakumbi ukuqhubeka ukubonisa bhetyebhetye kwimigaqo ukusetyenziswa slot. Injongo yeKhomishini yaseYurophu yokubuyela kwimfuno ende ye-80-20 ingaphambi kwexesha. 

“Jonga nje imiba iinqwelomoya kunye nabakhweli bazo kwizikhululo zeenqwelomoya ezijongene nazo. Ezi zikhululo zeenqwelo moya azikwazi ukuxhasa umthamo wazo ochaziweyo nangona i-64% ye-slot threshold yangoku kwaye zandise ii-caps zamva nje zabakhweli kude kube sekupheleni kuka-Okthobha. Ukuba bhetyebhetye kusabalulekile ekuxhaseni ukuchacha ngempumelelo.

“Ngokubeka amanani abakhweli, izikhululo zeenqwelo moya zithintela iinqwelomoya ekubeni zixhamle kwimfuno emandla. Isikhululo seenqwelomoya saseHeathrow sizamile ukugxeka iinkampani zeenqwelomoya ngokuphazamiseka. Nangona kunjalo, iinkcukacha zoMsebenzi weNqanaba leNkonzo kwiinyanga ezintandathu zokuqala zalo nyaka zibonisa ukuba basilele ngokulusizi ukubonelela ngeenkonzo ezisisiseko kwaye baphose inkonzo yabo yoKhuseleko lwaBakhweli ngamanqaku ali-14.3 amakhulu. Idatha yangoJuni ayikapapashwa kodwa kulindeleke ukuba ibonise elona nqanaba lisezantsi lenkonzo kwisikhululo seenqwelomoya ukusukela oko zaqalayo iirekhodi, utshilo uWalsh.

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UHarry Johnson

UHarry Johnson ubengumhleli wesabelo eTurboNews iminyaka engaphezu kwama-20. Uhlala eHonolulu, eHawaii, kwaye ungowaseYurophu. Uyakonwabela ukubhala nokugubungela iindaba.

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