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IiWayini ezimnandi eOstreliya

Ukujonga indlela elula nenencasa yokwenza hlola i-Australia? Ngamana ndingacebisa ukufumana iglasi yewayini, ukufunda amanqaku am, kunye nokufumanisa imimangaliso yase-Australia ngokusela iwayini zayo ezimbalwa.

Iiwayini ngoyilo

I-Australia lelona lizwekazi lincinci, kodwa ilizwe lesithandathu ngobukhulu, lincinci kancinci kunelizwekazi i-USA. Iqukethe iintaba ezigqunywe likhephu, iintlango ezomileyo, iilwandle ezinesanti, kunye namahlathi emvula - inenxalenye nje yomhlaba olungele iivenkile zewayini.

Uninzi lweendawo ezikhulisa iwayini zibekwe kumazantsi elizwekazi. Kukho iindawo ezimbalwa eziselunxwemeni kulo mmandla ezilungele iPinot Noir kunye neChardonnay. Eminye imimandla, ukuqhubekeka ngaphakathi elizweni, ilungele iShiraz. Indawo enemvula ebekwe kufutshane neAdelaide Hills yaziwa njengeRiesling, iPinot Noir kunye neChardonnay. Indawo engaphaya komhlaba ye-Barossa Valley ivelisa i-Shiraz kuyo umhlaba onamatye kunye neziphene zamanzi.

Kubalulekile kuQoqosho

Abanye abantu abazi ukuba i-Australia iphuhlise ishishini lewayini elikhuphisana ngempumelelo nakwamanye amazwe. Ukusukela ngo 2019, ilizwe beline 146,128 ha phantsi komdiliya, apho iShiraz yayilawula i 39,893 ha (30 pesenti) kunye ne Chardonnay, olona hlobo lukhulu olumhlophe, nge 21,442 ha (16 pesenti) yentengiso. Kukho malunga neewayini ezingama-2468 kunye nabalimi beediliya abangama-6251 abaqeshe abasebenzi abali-172,736 abasisigxina nabangesosigxina kwimimandla engama-65 ekhulayo yewayini, banegalelo elingaphezulu kwe- $ 40 yezigidigidi ngonyaka kuqoqosho lwase-Australia.

Imveliso ye wayini yase Australia lelizwe lesihlanu ngobukhulu kumazwe angaphandle okuthumela iwayini - ithumela malunga ne 780 yezigidi zeelitha ngonyaka kwamanye amazwe asetyenziswa kakhulu eNew Zealand, France, Italy nase Spain; malunga neepesenti ezingama-40 zemveliso zisetyenziswa ekhaya. Abantu base-Australia basela ngaphezulu kweelitha ezingama-530 ngonyaka besebenzisa umntu ngamnye iilitha ezingama-30 (iipesenti ezingama-50 zewayini emhlophe, iipesenti ezingama-35 zewayini ebomvu).

Qalisa iiwayini, yima uze uqale kwakhona

Kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesibhozo, ukusikwa kweediliya kwafika eAustralia ngenxa yemizamo yeRhuluneli u-Arthur Phillip (18) owabazisa kwikoloni yohlwaywa abasuka eKapa leGood Hope. Iinzame zokuqala zokwenza iwayini zisilele kodwa ekugqibeleni, abahlali bafumanisa iimpazamo zabo (into ebalulekileyo ibiyindawo), kwaye iwayini yafumaneka ukuze ithengiswe ngeminyaka yoo-1788.

I-winery yokuqala yasekwa ngo-1828 (eWyndham Estate) kwaye yindawo yokuzalwa yase-Australia yaseShiraz. UGregory Blaxand waba ngowokuqala ukuthumela iwayini e-Australia kunye nomenzi wewayini wokuqala ukuphumelela imbasa yesilivere yeRoyal Society of Arts (1823) eLondon.

Ukubaluleka kwewayini kuqoqosho lwase-Australia kwaqhubeka ukukhula kwaye ngo-1830, izidiliya zasekwa eHunter Valley. Ngo-1833 uJames Busby, owayethathwa njengoyise weshishini lewayini lase-Australia, wabuyisa iintlobo zezidiliya ezibandakanya iidiliya zaseFrance kunye neediliya zemveliso yewayini emva kokundwendwela eSpain naseFrance. UJohn Barton Hack wenza isidiliya e-Echunga Springs, kufutshane neNtaba iBarker, kwaye ngo-1843 wathumela ityala le wayini yakhe kuKumkanikazi uVictoria, isipho sokuqala sewayini yase-Australia kwinkosi yamaNgesi.

Njengokuba abantu abaninzi baseYurophu befika iwayini yaphucuka. Abaphambukeli abavela ePrussia (phakathi ku-1850s) baseka ummandla wokwenza iwayini wase-South Australia iBarossa Valley ngelixa abenzi beewayini baseSwitzerland bemisela ummandla wewayini waseGeelong eVictoria (1842). FUNDA INQAKU ELIPHELELEYO WINES.TRAVEL.

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