Iiwayini ezihlwahlwazayo ezivela eSpain Cela umngeni “Abanye abafana”

Umfanekiso ngoncedo lwe-E.Garely

AmaFrentshi achithe iidola ezininzi zentengiso esenzela ukulinganisa iChampagne namaxesha amnandi, kwangaxeshanye esikhuthaza ukuba sikholwe ukuba zonke iiwayini ezihlwahlwazayo ziziFrench. Iziphumo? IChampagne ibe ligama elixhaphakileyo kuyo yonke indawo. Ukuba sinomnqweno wokufumana iglasi yewayini ehlwahlwazayo ingqondo yethu ikhawuleza ibambelele kwigama elithi Champagne, kwaye sibeka iodolo yethu kunye nebartender okanye umphathi kwivenkile yewayini.

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Enyanisweni, ngaphezu kweFransi (ukuvelisa iibhotile ze-550 yezigidi), sinokukhetha okubandakanya i-Italy (i-prosecco - ukuvelisa iibhotile ze-660 +/-), iJamani (ivelisa iibhotile ze-350 yeebhiliyoni), iSpain (Cava. +/- ivelisa i-260 yezigidi zeebhotile). ), kunye neUnited States (ukuvelisa iibhotile ze-162 yezigidi) (forbes.com). Siye safumanisa ukuba iwayini ehlwahlwazayo yoyikeka xa sonwabile, imnandi xa silusizi, iyimfuneko xa sigxothiweyo, kwaye kanye into esiyidingayo xa sifumana iziphumo zovavanyo lwe-Omicron.

Umtsalane jikelele wewayini ehlwahlwazayo unyuse imveliso nge 57 pesenti ukusukela ngo 2002 kwaye imveliso yehlabathi yenza 2.5 billion yeebhotile ezingaphantsi kancinane kwe 8 pesenti ye 32.5 billion yeebhotile eziveliswayo. Inyuka kancinci imfuno kunye nemveliso ye wayini ezihlwahlwazayo yi Australia, Brazil, UK, kunye ne Portugal.

Iwayini eBengezelayo ngesiSpanish? I-CAVA

I-CAVA ithetha "umqolomba" okanye "i-cellar" apho, ekuqaleni kwemveliso ye-cava, iwayini ekhanyayo yenziwe kwaye igugile okanye igcinwe. Abenzi bewayini baseSpain basebenzisa eli gama ngokusemthethweni ngo-1970 ukwahlula imveliso yaseSpain kwichampagne yaseFransi. I-cava isoloko iveliswa nge-fermentation yesibini kwibhotile, kwaye ubuncinane ubuncinane beenyanga ezili-9 zokuguga kwebhotile kwi-lees.

UDon Josep Raventos, inzala kaDon Juame Codorniu (umseki waseCordorniu - omnye wabavelisi abakhulu be-cava eSpain), wenza ibhotile yokuqala erekhodiweyo yeCava kummandla wePenedes, eMntla-mpuma weSpain. Ngelo xesha, i-phylloxera (izinambuzane ezifana nentwala ezonakalisa izidiliya zinqwenela iintlobo ezibomvu ePenedes) zawushiya ummandla uneentlobo ezimhlophe kuphela. Ngeli xesha, iintlobo ezimhlophe zazingakwazi urhwebo xa zenziwe iiwayini ezilungileyo ezimile. Ukufunda ngempumelelo ye-champagne yesiFrentshi, uRaventos wafunda inkqubo, eyilungelelanisa ukuze enze inguqulelo yeSpanish ye-champagne usebenzisa i-Methode Champenoise evela kwiintlobo ezifumanekayo zaseSpain iMacabeo, Xarello, kunye neParellada - ukuzala iCava.

Kwiminyaka elishumi kamva, uManuel Raventos waqala iphulo lokuthengisa kulo lonke elaseYurophu ngeCava yakhe. Ngo-1888, uCordorniu Cavas waphumelela iimbasa zegolide zokuqala kunye neembasa, emisela isidima seSpanish Cava ngaphandle kweSpain.

yentengiso yakwaWindows

ISpain lilizwe lesithathu elikhulu elithumela ngaphandle iwayini ehlwahlwazayo, emva kancinane kweFransi, kunye nokuthunyelwa ngaphandle kokuya ikakhulu eMelika, eJamani naseBelgium. Njengewayini eqaqambileyo yaseSpain, iCava yenziwe ngendlela yesiko leChampagne yaseFransi. Iveliswa kakhulu kwicandelo elingasentla-mpuma yelizwe (indawo yasePenedes yaseCatalonia), kunye nelali yaseSant Sdaurni d'Anoia ikhaya lezona zindlu zininzi zemveliso zaseCatalan. Nangona kunjalo, abavelisi basasazwa kuzo zonke iindawo zelizwe, ngakumbi apho imveliso yeCava iyinxalenye yeDenominacion de Origen (DO). Ingaba mhlophe (blanco) okanye irose (rosado). Ezona ntlobo zediliya zidumileyo yiMacabeo, Parellada kunye neXarel-lo; nangona kunjalo, ziiwayini eziveliswa ngendlela yesintu kuphela ezinokuthi zibhalwe CAVA. Ukuba iwayini ziveliswa yiyo nayiphi na enye inkqubo kufuneka ibizwe “iwayini ehlwahlwazayo” (vinos espumosos).

Ukwenza i-rose cava, ukudibanisa yi-NO NO.

Iwayini kufuneka iveliswe ngendlela ye Saignee, kusetyenziswa i Garnacha, Pinot Noir, Trepat okanye Monastrell. Ngaphandle kwe Macabeu, Parellada kunye ne Xarel-lo, icava ingaquka iChardonnay, iPinot Noir kunye nomdiliya weSubhirat.

I-Cava iveliswa kumanqanaba ahlukeneyo obumnandi, ukusuka kwindawo eyomileyo (indalo ye-brut) ngokusebenzisa i-brut, i-brut reserve, i-seco, i-semico, ukuya kwi-dulce (eyona nto imnandi). Uninzi lwee-cavas aziyi kudala ngenxa yokuba zingumxube weediliya ezahlukeneyo.

Imingeni yeNtengiso yeCava

Kutheni le nto igama elithi Champagne lihamba ngokwemvelo kwimilebe yethu, kwaye iCava isenokungabikho kwi-lexicon yethu yewayini? Iwayini ehlwahlwazayo evela eSpain ibekwe kwimarike yewayini ehluzileyo, kwaye inengxaki yohlahlo lwabiwo-mali lwentengiso olunganelanga. AmaTaliyane achithe iibhiliyoni zeedola kunye nee-Euro efumana iProsecco ukuba ibe yinxalenye yejargon yethu yemihla ngemihla, kwaye iFrance ibikhuthaza iChampagne ukusukela ngo-1693 (xa uDom Pérignon "wasungula" iChampagne,

Abathengi bewayini abanolwazi bayazixabisa iimpawu ezikwiCava: ukuvunwa ngesandla, ukucinezela ngokuthambileyo iziqwenga ezipheleleyo kwiindawo ezincinci zokucinezela indawo ephezulu; i-lees eyandisiweyo yokuguga kwibhotile; ukukhutshwa kwesandla kwi-premium cuvees; kunye nokulandela ngokunyanisekileyo iindlela zemveli. Ngelixa iqela lewayini lisazi, kwaye lizixabisa iinkcukacha, abanye “abanjengewayini,” babona iwayini ehlwahlwazayo.

Izitokhwe zeshelufu ezisevenkileni zikwabeka iCava emngciphekweni, isoloko ityhala iCava ngewayini yejagi engabizi kakhulu okanye imimoya ephantsi. Iicuvees ezikumgangatho ophezulu (ugcino, iGran Reserva, kunye neCava del Paraje) azihlali ndawo kwingqondo yabathengi bewayini, okanye, ukuba ziyenzeka, zisenokuba kwicandelo lengqondo elibizwa ngokuba “yibhajethi,” ukunyanzela uCava ukuba akhuphisane. ngewayini yesiNgesi ehlwahlwazayo kunye neempawu zeChampagne ezingabizi kakhulu.

I-Cava ikhula ekuthandeni, kwaye imithetho emitsha iye yakhaba ekugcineni kunye nokwandisa umgangatho wokudala iBhunga eliLawulayo le-CAVA eKhuselweyo yokuKhethwa kweMvelaphi. Ukuqala ngo-2018, uJavier Pages uye wakhokela umbutho ngelixa ekwanguMongameli weVeki yeWayini yaseBarcelona (umboniso wamazwe ngamazwe wewayini yaseSpain).

IMithetho emitsha

Iza kufeza ntoni imimiselo? Imithetho iya kwandisa iimpawu zomgangatho weCava kwaye ibandakanye bonke abalimi bewayini kunye nabenzi boKutyunjwa kweMvelaphi (DO), ukwandisa imvelaphi ephezulu, kunye nomgangatho.

Ukuba iCava ineminyaka engaphezu kweenyanga ezili-18 iya kubizwa ngokuba yiCava de Guarda Superior, kwaye yenziwe ngeediliya ezivela kwizidiliya ezibhaliswe kwiBhodi yoLawulo yeRejista yeGuara Superior, kwaye kufuneka ihlangabezane nale mfuneko ilandelayo:

a. Imidiliya kufuneka ibe neminyaka eyi-10 ubuncinci

b. Umdiliya kufuneka ube organic (iminyaka emi-5 yenguqu)

c. Ubuninzi besivuno seetoni ezi-4.9/ehektare, imveliso eyahlukileyo (ukwahlula ukulandeleka ukusuka kwidiliya ukuya ebhotileni)

d. Ubungqina bexesha elidlulileyo kunye ne-organic - kwileyibhile

1. Ukuveliswa kweCavas de Guarda Superior (kubandakanya iCavas Reserve kunye nobuncinci beenyanga ze-18 zokuguga; iGran Reserva kunye nobuncinci beenyanga ze-30 zokuguga), kunye neCavas d Paraje Calificado - ukusuka kwisakhiwo esikhethekileyo kunye nobuncinci beenyanga ze-36 ukuguga - kufuneka ibe yi-100 yepesenti yezinto eziphilayo ngo-2025.

2. Ucando olutsha lwe-DO Cava: Comtats de Barcela, Ebro Valley, kunye neLevante.

3. Ukwenziwa ngokuzithandela kweleyibhile ethi "Integral Producer" yeevenkile zewayini ezicofa kwaye ziqinisekise i-100 yepesenti yeemveliso zazo.

4. Ucando olutsha nolwahlulo lweCava DO luya kuvela kwiileyibhile zeebhotile zokuqala ngoJanuwari 2022.

Corpinnat. Abenzi boMdiliya balwela Inkululeko

Ezinye iivenkile zewayini zaseSpain ziyishiyile iDO yazo, zisenza igama elilelolungu elinye: Conca del Rui Anoia kuba abanelisekanga kukungakhathali kweDos ngokwembali kumgangatho othoba isidima sophawu. ICorpinnat ligama elitsha phakathi kwewayini zaseSpain ezikumgangatho ophezulu, ezihlwahlwazayo, kwaye abasunguli babonise isicwangciso kuMphathiswa wezoLimo waseSpain ukuze afumane isiqinisekiso. Xa / ukuba ivunyiwe, iya kuba yinguqu ephawulekayo yophawu lweCava. 

Ngo-2019 iiwineries ezisithoba zayishiya iCava DO ukuze zenze iCorpinnat yewayini entle ehlwahlwazayo. Abavelisi bewayini bafuna ukubandakanya uCorpinnat kunye neDO kodwa ibhodi elawulayo yala - ngoko bemka. Abavelisi be wayini banomdla wokwenza iwayini egxile kwi terroir. Ngokungafaniyo neFrance, iSpain ayinayo inkqubo yokuhlelwa kwe terroir, kwaye abavelisi abancinci be wayini ezisemgangathweni kulo lonke elase Spain kudala becela utshintsho iminyaka. Abavelisi abaninzi abathenga iidiliya kuye nabani na naphina kwindawo yabo enkulu kakhulu echazwe ngokwejografi bavelisa izixa ezikhulu zexabiso eliphantsi, elibangela intloko ebuhlungu, imveliso yemizi-mveliso, bayileyibhelishe nge-DO efanayo, nto leyo ebangela ukuba kube nzima ukuba iindawo ezincinci, iterroir-drive zizahlula. .

ICava ayihambi kuvavanyo oluqatha njengeChampagne.

Oku kuphumela ekubeni abavelisi abakhulu be cava bayakwazi ukuvelisa iwayini ekumgangatho ophantsi ngohlelo olufanayo lokuthambisa abavelisi abancinci be wayini esemgangathweni ngebrashi ephakathi efanayo. Ukungabikho kolawulo kumgangatho kubangele ukuba iCava ibikade idume kwihlabathi jikelele iphulukane newonga layo ngelixa intengiso yehlabathi yewayini ehlwahlwazayo. ICava iphulukene nesabelo semakethi kwiprosecco, endlela yayo yokutsala ikwenza ukuba kungabizi kakhulu ukuyivelisa.

IiCavas ezigcinwe

Kumsitho wakutsha nje weSixeko saseNew York wewayini, oxhaswe yiEuropean Union (Iiwayini zoMgangatho ezisuka kwiNtliziyo yaseYurophu) ndibe nethuba lokufumana iiCavas ezimbalwa. Kwiiwayini ezihlwahlwazayo ezikhoyo, ezi zilandelayo zezona ndizithandayo:

1. Anna de Codorniu. UBlanc de Blancs. YENZA iCava-Penedes. 70 ekhulwini Chardonnay, 15 ekhulwini Parellada, 7.5 ekhulwini Macabeo, 7.5 ekhulwini Xarel.lo

Ngubani uAnna kwaye kutheni ebeka igama lakhe kwiCava? U-Anna de Codorniu uqatshelwa njengowasetyhini owatshintsha imbali ye-winery ngobuchule bakhe, kwaye ubuhle bakhe waba nguvulindlela ukongezwa kweChardonnay varietal kumxube weCava.

Emehlweni, u-Anna ubonisa umbala oblowu oqaqambileyo nonamandla onamagqabantshintshi aluhlaza okwenza ukuba kubemnandi ukuwajonga kuba amaqamza alungile, ayazingisa, anamandla kwaye ayaqhubeka. Impumlo yonwabile ngokufunyanwa kwamatye amanzi, iorenji yesitrasi, kunye neziqhamo zasetropiki ezidityaniswe namavumba agugayo (cinga i-toast kunye nebrioche). Inkalakahla yonwabela ubukhrim, ubumuncu obulula, kunye nemincili ehlala ixesha elide ekhokelela kwisiphelo esimnandi eside. Igqibelele njenge-aperitif, okanye kunye nemifuno esauteed, intlanzi, intlanzi yaselwandle kunye nenyama eyosiweyo; ime ngokuqinileyo yodwa okanye idityaniswe nezimuncumuncu.

2. L'avi Paul Gran Reserva Brut Nature. Maset. 30 ekhulwini Xarel-lo, 25 ekhulwini Parellada, 20 ekhulwini Chardonnay.

UPaul Massan (1777) ukhunjulwa kwi-L'avi Pau Cava, njengowokuqala kumnombo wosapho. Imidiliya emidala (iminyaka engama-20-40) ityalwe kwindawo exineneyo esezantsi kumphakamo oyi-200-400 m ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle. Iwayini iguga kwiindawo ezisele ziimitha ezi-5 ngaphantsi komhlaba kwaye iguga ubuncinane iinyanga ezingama-36.

Iliso lifumana izithunzi ezigolide, kunye namaqamza adityaniswe kakuhle ngelixa impumlo ivuzwa ngeziqhamo ezivuthwe kakhulu, iisitrasi, ibrioche, kunye neealmondi. Inkalakahla ifumanisa iadventure eyomileyo, kunye nekhrimu ekhokelela kwisiphelo eside, esizingileyo kunye nobumnandi obucebisa ubusi kunye neecrabapples. Dibanisa neeprawn kunye nepepile eshushu okanye ugalele phezu kwe oyster.

Ngolwazi olongezelelweyo, Cofa apha.

Olu luthotho olugxile kwiiWayini zaseSpain:

Read Icandelo 1 Apha:  ISpain iWunyusa uMdlalo wayo weWayini: Kakhulu kuneSangria

Read Icandelo 2 Apha:  Iiwayini zaseSpain: Ngcamla Umahluko Ngoku

© UGqr. Elinor Garely. Eli nqaku lelungelo lokushicilela, kubandakanywa neefoto, alinakwenziwa kwakhona ngaphandle kwemvume ebhaliweyo evela kumbhali.

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  • Inqaku eligqwesileyo nelibanzi malunga nehlabathi lewayini ezihlwahlwazayo eSpain. Enkosi Dr. Elinor Barely. Ewe, ndiyavuma, ubuchopho bethu bunocingo oluqinileyo kunye negama leChampagne kuyo yonke into ekhanyayo. Kwafuneka ndiphinde ndiqeqeshe ingqondo yam ukuba yahlule kwaye ndiqalise i-cavasocials.org njengendlela yokuqala kwaye ndifunde ngewayini ezihlwahlwazayo eSpain CAVA kunye neCORPINNAT. Nanku u-2022 oqaqambileyo! kunye namanqaku angaphezulu malunga neentlobo ngeentlobo zeewayini ezikhazimlayo kwihlabathi liphela.