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Iingqekembe ezimbini ezizezona zintle kwihlabathi ziqhagamshela iMbali kunye neKamva ngoXolo

Iingqekembe ezintle zaseItali

IQela leProjekthi yoHlelo lisebenzisana neziko lePoligraphic yeZecca dello Stato eRome (i-Italian State Mint) yazisa umyalezo ofanelekileyo ngobugcisa bokwenza imali.

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  1. Ngo-2017 eBerlin, ingqekembe ethi "Iminyaka engama-70 yoXolo eYurophu" eyenziwe yi-Italian State Mint yanikezelwa njengeyona ngqekembe intle ehlabathini.
  2. Yayiluqwalaselo lobuchule base-Italiya kunye nobuchule bomzobo omhle wobugcisa kunye nokugqibelela kokushicilela nokugqibezela.
  3. I-Progetto Editoriale, ke ngoko, inebhongo ngokubonisa ushicilelo olukhethekileyo.

Ukuveliswa kwakhona kuvela kwintsusa yesebe langaphakathi lokukrolwa kobugcisa be-Istituto Poligrafico e Mint dello Stato eveliswe ngohlelo oluneenombolo kunye noluqinisekisiweyo, ukunika ubungqina obupheleleyo kunye nokusasazwa kwisiganeko esikhulu sembali esingazange senzeke ngaphambili ngaphakathi Ilizwekazi Elidala.

Ubuhle, ukumangala, imbali, uxolo, ubugcisa, inkcubeko - ezi zizinto ezidibanisayo kwinkomfa yentetho kwiMyuziyam yaseMint eRoma yeendondo ezimbini ezibaluleke ngokungaqhelekanga ezizalwe yintsebenziswano phakathi kweProgetto Editoriale Publishing House kunye ne-State Mint.

Izithethi zomsitho ibinguMlawuli weProjekthi yoHlelo, uFrancesco Malvasi; Eng. UMatteo Taglienti, iNtloko yeMint kunye nemveliso yobugcisa kwiCandelo loPhuhliso lwe-Integrated Solutions yePoligrafico; Ing. Antonio Cascelli, uMlawuli weState Mint plant kwi-Gino Capponi; kunye noFranco Salvatori, uMongameli oHloniphekileyo we-Italian Geographic Society.

Le ndawo yindawo eyodwa nekhethekileyo, evuleleke kuluntu ngezihlandlo ezikhethekileyo zemisitho ebalulekileyo. IMyuziyam yeMint yaseRoma, eyazalwa ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba njengeKhabhinethi yeNumismatic yokusekwa kwezemali kapopu kwaye yanikezelwa kuBukumkani base-Italiya ngo-1870, iqulethe ubuncwane bokwenyani: iingqekembe, iimbasa, iicones, iipunch, iimodeli zewax, kunye iikopi zengqekembe nganye esanda kukhutshwa kunye nembasa.

Akuphelelanga apho, oomatshini bamandulo bokwenza isinyithi nokuveliswa kweengqekembe neembasa, iipantografu zenkulungwane yeshumi elinesithoba, kunye nezixhobo ezazisetyenziswa kumasebe awahlukeneyo eMinti yaseItali eyakhiwe kwinduli yaseEsquiline (kwisithili saseRoma) ngowe-1911 inokubonwa apha.

Ubuhle, Uxolo

Ukusuka "Kweyona ngqekembe intle kwihlabathi" ukuya kwimbasa enikezelwe kuXolo eYurophu, indlela yadalwa ngo-2015, xa ingqekembe ye-euro eyi-10 enikezelwe kumxholo woxolo yazalwa kwi-flair yokudala kaMaria Carmela Colaneri, umzobi we iSikolo seMbasa ye-IPZS (iState Mint Polygraphic Institute) ngexesha lemfazwe yokugqibela eYurophu. Kwi-2017, ingqekembe yanikezelwa njengeyona nto ihle kakhulu emhlabeni, igqwesa phakathi kweziphakamiso ze-40 ezinye iiminti zelizwe, kwaye ngo-2019, ubunqununu buphinde baqinisekiswa eSt.

Okwangoku, i-euro eyi-10 ayifumaneki ndawo, kwaye ixabiso layo lemarike lihlala likhula. Ngo-2020, unyaka omangalisayo wobhubhane, iProgetto Editoriale yagqiba ngesivumelwano kunye ne-IPZS ukuba igxininise ukubaluleka koxolo, ukhuseleko, kunye nokuhlalisana ngokutolikwa kwakhona kwemali "yeminyaka engama-70 yoxolo eYurophu".

Ubuchule bokukrola bukaSilvia Petrassi buzele imbasa entsha enemifanekiso kunye neempawu ezifanayo, ngenjongo yokuvuselela amaxesha okucingisisa kunye nokwazisa kwisakhelo sobume belizwe jikelele esibaluleke kakhulu esinemibuzo emininzi yexesha elizayo.

Imangalisayo

Ngowuphi umntu ongokwembali, ukuba ayinguye lowo kaFrederick II waseSwabia, onokubonisa ngcono ukuxabiseka koxolo? Umlawuli woBukhosi obuNgcwele baseRoma, uKumkani waseSicily kunye nenxalenye enkulu ye-Italiya esemazantsi, eneneni wayengumanduleli ophucukileyo nobona kude, usopolitiki onobuqili nonentsha, ethanda uncwadi kunye nobugcisa, kangangokuba wafumana igama lesiteketiso elithi. Stupor Mundi.

Eli gama linye lanikwa iMbasa ngendlela yengqekembe, eyenziwe nguRemo Carboni yaze yenziwa yiMint yase-Italiya, ethe yanikezelwa kunye neMbasa yoXolo.

Umzobi waphefumlela ngokuthe ngqo kwi-Augustal, ingqekembe yegolide yamandulo eyakhutshwa ngo-1231 yaza yanikezelwa kuFrederick II. Olona phawu lungathandekiyo lwalubonisa iprofayile yoMlawuli ngokwendlela yooKesare, ethweswe isithsaba selaurel, ngoxa umva wayebonisa ukhozi lwaseRoma olunombhalo othi FRIDERICVS.

Kuhlaziyo lwangoku lokutolikwa kwakhona, umfanekiso oqingqiweyo oboniswe kwindawo egqwesileyo uthatyathelw’ indawo litywina elidumileyo lembali yokumkani, awuzange uphinde uveliswe ngolu hlobo, ngelixa umva uye waphinda wenziwa ngendlela encomekayo njengowokuqala.

imbali

Ukunikezelwa kwezi mbasa zimbini, ke ngoko, kubonisa uhambo oluya kwimbali yase-Italiya neYurophu, eyandiswa yimeko exabisekileyo enikelwa yiMyuziyam yaseMint, indawo egxininisa isithethe sakudala se-Italian State Mint, ethe namhlanje yaba yitekhnoloji. kunye nemodeli ye-avant-garde ngelixa ihlala igcina umphefumlo wayo wobugcisa kunye nobugcisa.

"Ngenxa yeziganeko zamva nje kuMbindi Mpuma, kuMntla-mpuma we-Asia, e-Afrika nase-Afghanistan, iqela lethu ligqibe ekubeni lenze imbasa ezinikele eluxolweni nakwiinqobo ezisemgangathweni ezisisiseko soku," utshilo uFrancesco Malvasi, uMlawuli weProgetto Editoriale. “Siyinxulumanise nokuyilwa kwengqekembe yentelekelelo, iStupor Mundi, umsebenzi omncinane wobugcisa obalulekileyo obalulekileyo. Esi sibophelelo soyilo sibaluleke kakhulu simele igalelo lethu lokwenyani kwabo banokuchongwa, sinethemba, njengezikhokelo zeYurophu eyomeleleyo, eyamkelayo, emanyeneyo nexhasayo, inqaku lokubhekisela kunye nokuthelekisa kuwo onke amazwe kunye nabantu behlabathi. "

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Malunga nombhali

UMario Masciullo-eTN e-Itali

UMario ligqala kwishishini lokuhamba.
Amava akhe anwenwa kwihlabathi liphela ukusukela ngo-1960 xa wayeneminyaka engama-21 aqala ukuhlola iJapan, iHong Kong neThailand.
UMario ulubonile ukhenketho lweHlabathi liphuhliswa ngoku kwaye wazibonela
Ukutshatyalaliswa kwengcambu / ubungqina bexesha elidlulileyo leqela elifanelekileyo lamazwe ngokuthanda ubugcisa / inkqubela phambili.
Ngexesha lokugqibela lama-20 amava okuhamba kukaMario egxile kuMazantsi mpuma eAsia kwaye emva kwexesha aquka ilizwekazi laseIndiya.

Inxalenye yamava omsebenzi kaMario ibandakanya imisebenzi emininzi kwi-Civil Aviation
Intsimi iqukunjelwe emva kokuququzelela i-kik isusa kwi-Malaysia Singapore Airlines e-Itali njenge-Institutor kwaye yaqhubeka kangangeminyaka eli-16 kwindima yoMphathi weNtengiso / weNtengiso e-Italiya ye-Singapore Airlines emva kokwahlukana koorhulumente bobabini ngo-Okthobha u-1972.

Iphepha-mvume likaNtatheli elisemthethweni likaMario "yiNational Order of Journalists eRome, e-Itali ngo-1977.

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