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Imbali yehotele: IShelton Ihotele iNew York Ikhomba iNdlela yexesha elizayo

Ihotele iShelton

Bambalwa abakhi bezakhiwo ezithandwayo njenge-1924 iShelton Hotel eLexington Avenue kunye ne-49th Street, ngoku eyiNew York Marriott East Side.

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  1. Abagxeki bavumile ukuba ifadesi yayo entle enemigangatho engama-35 kunye noyilo lokubuyela umva ngokungaqhelekanga lubonise indlela yekamva kwisakhiwo esiphakamileyo.
  2. I-Shelton yakhiwa ngu-James T. Lee, umphuhlisi onamabhongo okwakha.
  3. Wayengutatomkhulu kaJacqueline Kennedy Onassis, owazalwa nguJacqueline Lee Bouvier.

Umbono kaMnumzana Lee yayilihotele elinamagumbi ayi-1,200 elineempawu zohlobo lweklabhu: ichibi lokuqubha, iinkundla zesquash, amagumbi eebhiliyoni, isolarum kunye nesibhedlele. Ihlabathi laseNew York ngo-1923 labanga ukuba iShelton yayiyeyona ndawo yokuhlala inde ehlabathini.

Umyili wezakhiwo, uArthur Loomis Harmon, wagubungela ubunzima ngezitena ezityheli ezimthubi, zarhabaxa ngokungathi zineminyaka engamakhulu, zaza zathathwa eRomanesque, eByzantine, kumaKristu okuqala, eLombard nakwezinye iindlela. Kodwa abagxeki bachukunyiswa ngakumbi kukuba ikhumbula "akukho ndlela icacileyo yokwakha yexesha elidlulileyo," njengoko umzobi uHugh Ferriss wayibeka kwiChristian Science Monitor ngo-1923.

IShelton yayisesinye sezakhiwo zokuqala ukuthatha ifom yayo kumthetho wokucandwa komhlaba we-1916 owawufuna ukuphazamiseka kwiindawo eziphakamileyo ezithile ukuqinisekisa ukukhanya nomoya esitratweni. Oko kuyenze yahluke kakhulu kwiihotele ezinde ze-boxy eziyile ngaphambi kotshintsho lomhlaba, njenge-1919 Hotel Pennsylvania, ejongene neSitishi sasePennsylvania.

UHelen Bullitt Lowry noWilliam Carter Halbert bathi kwiNew York Times ngo-1924. Umgxeki uLewis Mumford, owayedla ngokuncoma, wayibiza ngokuba “iyadlamka, iyahamba, iyazola, njengeZeppelin isibhakabhaka esicocekileyo ”kwiphephancwadi iCommonweal ngowe-1926.

Uyilo lombono lunemida yalo, nangona kunjalo, kwaye indawo yangaphakathi kaMnumzana Harmon ibonakala ngathi yahlukile kwezinye iihotele ezinkulu zelo xesha: iilounge ezinkulu ezinophahla, igumbi lokutyela elinophahla olunophahla kunye neepaseji ezinde ezixineneyo. Ingxenye yesithathu yamagumbi yayihlangene ngeendawo zokuhlambela, ekumele ukuba zabangela iingxaki ngasekupheleni kuka-1924, xa uShelton waguqula umgaqo-nkqubo wawo wamadoda kuphela. Igalari ephezulu yayibaleka ijikeleze ichibi elingaphantsi, elalihonjiswe ngetayile ebunjiweyo.

Ukususela ngo-1925 ukuya ku-1929, u-Georgia O'Keeffe wayehlala kumgangatho we-30 we-Shelton Hotel kunye nomyeni wakhe, umfoti u-Alfred Stieglitz. Ngaphandle kwehotele i-Chelsea, kunzima ukucinga ngenye City New York Ihotele enefuthe elinje kumculi, ngakumbi ihotele ekusenokwenzeka ukuba awuzange uve ngayo.

Ukunyuka kwiLexington Avenue phakathi kweetrato ezingama-48 ukuya kuma-49, isitrato esinamagumbi angama-31, igumbi elinamagumbi ayi-1,200 1923 eShelton Hotel yanconywa njengeyona ndlu iphakamileyo emhlabeni xa yayivulwa ngo-XNUMX. yamadoda ane-bowling alley, iitafile zebhiliyoni, iinkundla zesikwashi, indawo yokucheba iinwele kunye nedama lokuqubha.

Into engazange ithandabuze yayikukubaluleka kokwakhiwa kwesakhiwo. Ngesiseko esimnandi esine-limestone esineziseko ezimbini kunye nezithintelo ezintathu zezitena ezinyukayo ziye kwinqaba esembindini, iShelton yayiqhekeza umhlaba. Abagxeki basithatha njengesakhiwo sokuqala ukuphumeza ngempumelelo iimfuno zocando lomhlaba zowe-1916 ezichaze ukubuyela umva ukugcina izakhiwo ezikwizakhiwo ezikhulu zingabi zizibhengezo zamehlo.

I-Empire State Building yenye nje yezakhiwo ezichaphazelwe nguShelton. Emva konyaka we-1977, umgxeki wezokwakha i-New York Times u-Ada Louse Huxtable wabhengeza le hotele “njengendawo ebonakalayo eNew York.”

U-O'Keeffe ngekhe acele istudiyo esime kakuhle. Ukusuka kwindawo yakhe yomoya, wayonwabile engathintelwanga, iliso leentaka ngomlambo kunye nesityalo esandayo sesixeko sabakhi bezakhiwo. NjengoCharles Demuth, uCharles Sheeler kunye nabanye amagcisa exesha lakhe, u-O'Keeffe wayenomdla ngabakhi bezakhiwo njengophawu lwala maxesha asezidolophini, umgaqo ophambili we-Precisionism, iMfazwe yeHlabathi emva kweMfazwe I isitayile sobugcisa banamhlanje esibhiyozela ubume obutsha beMelika beebhulorho. , kwimizi-mveliso kunye nezakhiwo ezide.

Ukugqitywa kwi-perch yakhe yaseShelton, u-O'Keeffe wadala ubuncinane imizobo engama-25 kunye nemidwebo yabakhi bezakhiwo kunye neendawo zedolophu. Phakathi kwesona saziwa kakhulu yi “Radiator Building — Night, New York,” umbhiyozo obalaseleyo we-skyscraper mystique — kunye ne-American Radiator Building ebizwa ngokuba yiBryant Park Hotel.

UArthur Loomis Harmon, umakhi weShelton, uqhubeke nokunceda ukuyila i-Empire State Building. (Wadala iAllerton House, ihotele ende yokuhlala yowe-1916 eNew York).

Kodwa udumo lukaShelton lwadubula esibhakabhakeni emva kotyelelo kwigumbi lokubhukuda elingaphantsi komhlaba ngo-1926 ngumculi obalekayo uHarry Houdini. Ukutywinwa kwibhokisi engafakwanga moya, enjengebhokisi (nangona yayixhotyiswe ngomnxeba xa kwenzeka imeko kaxakeka), uHoudini wehliselwa echibini apho walala khona emanzini iyure nesiqingatha. Uvele kwishedyuli, ediniwe kodwa esaphila. "Nabani na angayenza," uxelele iThe New York Times.

Ngaphandle kwembali yayo emibalabala kunye neyodwa yoyilo, iShelton, njengoko kunjalo phantse kuzo zonke iihotele ezindala. Kwakukho abahlali abasisigxina abali-11 kuphela phakathi kwiminyaka yoo-1970. Ngo-1978 yaba yiHalloran yepropathi exeliweyo. Waqesha uStephen B. Jacobs ukuba ahlengahlengise izinto zangaphakathi, anciphise inani lamagumbi aye kuma-650.

Ngo-2007 yayiphantsi kukaMorgan Stanley owanikezela umsebenzi kwiNkampani iMarriott.

Ulwakhiwo kunye nobunjineli beziQinisekiso ezinomkhankaso omkhulu wolungiso lwangaphandle oluqhubekayo. URichard Moses, umyili wezakhiwo ophethe le projekthi, uthi iinkcukacha eziphakamileyo zikaMnu Harmon, kubandakanya iintloko, iimaski, iigriffins kunye neegargoyles, zihlala zilungile, nangona uninzi lwazo zibethwe ngokukodwa zizinto zitshintshiwe.

Umnumzana Moses uthe uMnu Harmon wenze ukuba iindonga zincike kancinci, ukunika uShelton uzinzo olukhulu. Iziphumo, ezingabonakali phezulu phezulu, zibonakala kumgangatho womhlaba.

Ingaphakathi langaphakathi lehotele i-1924 yehle yangamacwecwe, njengeholo yezinyuko ngasekunene kwegumbi lokungenisa eliphambili. Iinkundla zomngqusho zimkile; endaweni yabo igumbi lokuzilolonga kumgangatho wama-35 oneembono ezimangalisayo kuyo yonke indlela ejikelezileyo. Ihotele ibize amagumbi emva kuka-Arthur Loomis Harmon, Alfred Stieglitz kunye no-Georgia O'Keeffe.

UStanley Turkel waqeshwa njengoMbali ka2020 woNyaka ziiMbali iihotele zaseMelika, inkqubo esemthethweni yeNational Trust yoLondolozo lweMbali, awayethe wabizwa ngalo ngaphambili ngo-2015 nango-2014. UTurkel ngoyena mcebisi wehotele upapashwe ngokubanzi eMelika. Usebenza indawo yakhe yokubonisana ehotele esebenza njengengqina lengcali kumatyala anxulumene neehotele, ebonelela ngolawulo lweeasethi kunye nokubonisana ngokuthengisa imali ehotele. Uqinisekisiwe njenge-Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus yiZiko leMfundo le-American Hotel kunye ne-Lodging Association. [imeyile ikhuselwe] 917-628-8549

Incwadi yakhe entsha ethi "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" isandula kupapashwa.

Ezinye iincwadi zeehotele ezipapashiweyo:

• Abanini beehotele abakhulu baseMelika: Oovulindlela beshishini leehotele (2009)

Yakhelwe ukuGqibela: Iihotele ezili-100 + zeNdala eNew York (ngo-2011)

Yakhelwe Ukugqibela: I-100 + i-Old-Old Hotels kwi-East ye-Mississippi (ngo-2013)

• Ihotele iMavens: uLucius M. Boomer, uGeorge C. Boldt, uOscar waseWaldorf (2014)

• Abanini beehotele abakhulu baseMelika uMqulu 2: Oovulindlela beshishini leehotele (2016)

Yakhelwe Ukugqibela: Ii-100 + zeMinyaka eliDala kwiihotele zaseNtshona eMississippi (2017)

Ihotele Mavens Umqulu 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• I-Great American American Architects Umqulu I (2019)

• Ihotele iMavens: Umqulu 3: Bob kunye noLarry Tisch, uRalph Hitz, uCesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Zonke ezi ncwadi zinokuodolwa kwi-AuthorHouse ngokundwendwela stanleyturkel.com  kwaye ucofa isihloko sencwadi.

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