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Usuku lweMosquito lweHlabathi lubhiyozelwa luKhenketho lweHlabathi

Xa bebuzwa ukuba isifo seengcongconi sinefuthe elibi kubakhenkethi base Mzantsi Afrika, ama-60% wabathathi-nxaxheba ekuye kwenziwa udliwanondlebe nabo kwisizini ye-malaria yakutshanje bavumelana nalo mbuzo, bebonisa ukuba isifo seengcongconi sinefuthe elibi ngokuqinisekileyo kwinani labakhenkethi abatyelela lommandla. , Agasti 20 iqatshelwa njengoSuku lweeNgcongolo kwiHlabathi liphela lokwazisa malunga nokugula nezifo ezibangelwa ziingcongconi.

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  1. NgoLwesihlanu, umhla wama-20 kuAgasti lusuku lweMosquito lweHlabathi, isizathu sokuba ishishini lokuhamba kunye nezokhenketho kwihlabathi liphela likhumbule kwaye liqhubeke nokulwa esi sisongelo.
  2. Olu suku lwenzelwe ukukhuthaza abantu ukuba baqonde isoyikiso esiza kubakho sezifo ezithwala iingcongconi njengemalariya kunye ne-dengue fever.
  3. Abantu kufuneka bathabathe amanyathelo othintelo ukuze bahlale bekhuselekile kwii-Mosquito ezizalwe zifa naphina emhlabeni.

Rhoqo ngonyaka ngoSuku lweeNgcongolo lweHlabathi, umhlaba ukhumbula ukufumanisa ukuba ingcongconi yamabhinqa iAnopheles yivektara ehambisa isifo seengcongconi phakathi kwabantu. Esi siphumo sibalulekileyo, esenziwe nguMnumzana Ronald Ross ngo-1897, saba sisiseko seenkqubo ezininzi zokulawula imalariya kubandakanya ukuSasaza ngokuShiyekileyo okuShiyekileyo kunye neZinambuzane ezinyangiweyo.

Ukubhiyozela kukuba le ndlela ifunyenwe yatshintsha njani ikhosi kwimbali yezonyango.

Nangona izigidi zobomi zisindisiwe ngenxa yoku kufunyaniswa okukodwa, isifo seengcongconi siyaqhubeka nokubeka umthwalo onzima kumazwe achaphazelekayo, ngokuqikelelwa kwabantu abangama-409,000 ababulewe sisifo kwihlabathi liphela ngo-2019 kuphela. 

Kwi-2014 into enganyangekiyo Intsholongwane ethwala iingcongconi leyo ukhenketho olusongelayo kwiCaribbean yafunyanwa kwiCaribbean kwaye yadala isoyikiso sokwenene kukhenketho.

Namhlanje, abaphandi be-Malaria ekujoliswe kubo kunye nososayensi kwihlabathi liphela bayaqhubeka nokufunda ingcongconi ethwala isifo seengcongconi kumzamo wokuhlala uphambili kwiparasiti eguqukayo kwaye ufumane inoveli kunye neendlela ezingcono zokulwa esi sifo.

Iindaba ngoSuku lweeNgcongolo kwiHlabathi liphela zivela kwilizwe apho iingcongconi zilusongo lokwenyani kwimpilo nokhuseleko eIndiya.

Ngomhla woSuku lweeNgcongolo kwiHlabathi usasazeka ngemidiya yoluntu malunga nesidingo sokukhuselwa kwiingcongconi.

Ngomxholo wethegi 'Bulala izinambuzane, Bulala izifo', inkampani yaseIndiya ithembisa ukwenza onke amakhaya angenasifo.

Inkampani iqhuba iinkqubo zokwazisa abathengi kunye neengxoxo ngokubambisana neendlela eziphambili zeendaba.

Ngenkqubo yayo ye-EMBED (Ukupheliswa kwesifo seMosquito Borne Endemic Diseases), i-GCPL yenze amanyathelo afanelekileyo kuthintelo lwemalariya kwinqanaba leengcambu.

Kwi-2015, le nkqubo yaqalwa eMadhya Pradesh ngokubambisana noMphathiswa wezeMpilo wezeMpilo kunye noLuntu lwezeNtlalontle ukuphelisa i-malaria kwiidolophana eziphezulu.

Le nkqubo igubungele iilali ezingaphezu kwama-800 kwizithili ezili-11 zaseMadhya Pradesh, e-Uttar Pradesh naseChhattisgarh. I-GCPL ibambisene nabachaphazelekayo ukuqhuba iinkqubo ezinzulu zokutshintsha indlela yokuziphatha kwimimandla enesalathiso sonyaka esiphakamileyo apho umngcipheko wokuhambisa isifo seengcongconi uphezulu.

Oku kubangele i-24% yeedolophana ezingama-824 zongenelelo ezixela amatyala angama-0 e-malaria ekupheleni kwe-FY20-21.

Iilali ezishiyekileyo zazikwiminyaka yoku-1 yongenelelo kwaye injongo kukuzenza zingabinayo i-malaria ngonyaka we-2 nonyaka we-3.

I-GCPL, ukongeza, yandisa iphothifoliyo kulawulo lwedengue kunye nolawulo kwizixeko ezi-4 (Bhopal, Gwalior, Lucknow, naseKanpur) kwaye ikwabonelela ngenkxaso yezobuchwephesha kwiNkqubo yeSizwe yokuLawulwa kwezifo (i-NVBDCP) phantsi kweSebe lezeMpilo leNtsapho leGoI. Intlalontle.

Ukunika ingxelo ngalo msitho, Umphathi we-Sunil Kataria, uthe, "Kwi-GCPL, iinzame zethu kukwenza i-India isempilweni, ikhuseleke, kwaye asikhululekile kwizifo ezithwalwa ngamayeza. Ukusukela ubhubhane we-COVID-19, kuye kwabaluleka ngakumbi ukuba siphaphe ngenxa yesoyikiso esiphindwe kabini sezifo ezithwala iingcongconi kunye nentsholongwane. NgoSuku lweMiyane lweHlabathi, sibongoza wonke umntu ukuba athathe amanyathelo okuthintela isifo seengcongconi okanye i-dengue.

Sizibophezele ekuqhubeni la manyathelo aya kuthi enze ukuba abantu babe nolwazi olululo kunye nezisombululo zokulwa nengozi yeengcongconi.

Inkqubo yoLwazi loLawulo lwezeMpilo (i-HMIS), ideshibhodi yedatha yeNational Health Mission (NHM), yaxela amawaka amatyala esifo seengcongconi nedengue eIndiya phakathi kuka-Epreli 2020 ukuya ku-Matshi 2021.

Ngaphandle kwempembelelo yezempilo, umthwalo wentlalo noqoqosho okanye iindleko zonyaka kwilizwe ngenxa yesifo seengcongconi kunye nedengue ziphezulu kakhulu.

Ukuthatha ingqalelo kwezi nkxalabo, i-GCPL ngokusebenzisa inyathelo layo lentlalontle kunye neemveliso ezintsha zijolise ekuqhubeni utshintsho kwindlela yokuziphatha phakathi kwabantu ukuzikhusela kwizifo ezibangelwa yingcongconi.

Igqwetha. UJayant Deshpande, uNobhala oHloniphekileyo, uMbutho woLawulo lwezinambuzane zaseKhaya (HICA) Icandelo lezinto zokubulala izinambuzane kumzi-mveliso, lithe, "Ukujongana nengozi ebangelwa ziingcongconi, umntu makasebenzise izisombululo ezifanelekileyo nezithembekileyo kuphela.

Imarike izaliswe zizinto ezinjengeengcongconi ezingekho mthethweni nezingenanjongo zokugxotha iziqhumiso ezinezinto eziyingozi.

Ezi mveliso zabadlali abanganyanisekanga zinokubonakala zitshiphu kodwa zingahambi kwiinkqubo zokwenza imveliso ezilawulwayo kunye nokujonga okusisiseko kwiiparamitha zokhuseleko kulusu, iliso, kunye nenkqubo yokuphefumla egunyazisiweyo kuyo yonke imveliso yokubulala izinambuzane.

Zonke iziqhumiso ezigxotha iingcongconi ngokungekho semthethweni ziyayithobela imigaqo kwaye azivavanywa kwezi paramitha zikhankanyiweyo. Nakuphi na ukusetyenziswa kwezi ntonga zokuqhumisa iingcongconi ngokungekho mthethweni kuyingozi kakhulu kwimpilo yabemi bayo yonke iminyaka yobudala. Sicebisa wonke umntu ukuba asebenzise kuphela iimveliso ezamkelwe ngurhulumente. ”

Ugqirha Myriam Sidibe, ingcali kwezempilo kwihlabathi liphela kunye nojingalwazi obekekileyo kwesi sikolo saseLondon seZempilo kunye neTropical Medicine, "U-India wenze umsebenzi olungileyo ekunciphiseni iimeko ze-malaria ne-dengue kule minyaka mi-5 idlulileyo. Njengokuba sonke sihlengahlengisa ubomi bethu ukunqanda i-COVID-19, iinzame zokuqhubela phambili ukunciphisa ifuthe lezifo ezithwalwa yingcongconi kufuneka ziqhubeke.

Oorhulumente banokuthi babize zonke izandla emngxunyeni ukusombulula ubhubhane we-COVID-19, kodwa akufuneki siyeke umkhankaso wethu omde wokulwa neengcongconi. Ubambiswano phakathi kukarhulumente namashishini abucala luya kubaluleka ekwehliseni umthwalo woqoqosho nezentlalo e-India ngenxa yesifo seengcongconi, idengue nezinye izifo.

Olu manyano lungakhokelela kubuchule obuninzi obutsha kunye neemodeli zokuthintela ukusasazeka kwezifo ezithwala iingcongconi. ”

Cuthbert Ncube ovela kwi Inqanawa Yezokhenketho yaseAfrikad ikhumbuza izigulo zehlabathi ezithwalwa yingcongconi ukuba zihlale zisisoyikiso kushishino lokhenketho nakwezokhenketho ngokukodwa e-Afrika, kwaye umntu akufuneki alibale xa edlula kwintlekele ye-COVID-19.

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Malunga nombhali

UJuergen T Steinmetz

UJuergen Thomas Steinmetz uqhubekile esebenza kwishishini lokuhamba nokhenketho okoko wafikisa eJamani (1977).
Uye waseka eTurboNews ngo-1999 njengephepha leendaba lokuqala kwi-intanethi kushishino lokhenketho lwehlabathi.

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