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Ngaba iimaski zibulala abantu baseMelika ngenene? Uthini ngeNtsholongwane?

imaski1
Ukunxiba iMask

Iimaski okanye akukho Maski?

Uqhanqalazo lokugonya oluchasayo, umboniso wokuchasana nemaski, iUnited States isendleleni yentshabalalo, ukuzibulala kunye nobundlobongela. Ilungelo lokubeka abemi abasesichengeni ngoku liphosakele ngamalungelo oluntu okuzitshabalalisa.
Ngaba iUnited States isendleleni eya kwiFascism?

Inyaniso engenakuphikwa yile. Ukusasazeka kwe-US COVID-19 kukwixesha lonke lokuphakama kunye nokunyuka.

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  • I-United States iyanikezelwa xa kusiza ekukhuseleni abemi kwi-CORONA Virus.
  • Amazwe aseMelika acinga ukuba ukunxiba imaski kuthintela amalungelo abantu kubandakanya: Alabama | IAlaska | IArizona | IArkansas | IColorado | Idelaware | IFlorida | IGeorgia | Idaho | I-Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | EKentucky | Maine | EMaryland | EMassachusetts | IMichigan | IMinnesota | Mississippi | EMissouri | Montana | Nebraska | ENew Hampshire | ENew Jersey | North Carolina | EMantla Dakota | Iziqithi zaseMantla Mariana | IOhio | Oklahoma | IPennsylvania | UMzantsi Carolina | EMzantsi Dakota | Tennessee | I-Texas | Utah | IVermont | ENtshona Virginia | IWisconsin | Wyoming
  • Amazwe aseMelika akholelwa ukuba ukunxiba imaski kukukhusela abemi kwaye ukugunyazisa ayikokuthintela amalungelo oluntu kubandakanya iAmerican Samoa | California | Unxibelelwano | ISithili saseColumbia | Guam | IHawaii | I-Illinois | Louisiana | Nevada | INew Mexico | ENew York | IOregon | IPuerto Rico | IRhode Island | Iziqithi zase-Virgin zase-US | IVirginia | EWashington

Imaski ye-N95 luhlobo lokuphefumla. NgoJanuwari iNethiwekhi yezoKhenketho yeHlabathi kuxoxwe ngayo reuving.travel zeziphi iimaski ezibulala amaMelika.

Imingcipheko yosulelo lwe-SARS-CoV-2 kubantu abagonywe ngokupheleleyo ayinakupheliswa ngokupheleleyo apho ukudluliselwa koluntu kwintsholongwane kuxhaphake kakhulu. Abantu abagonyiweyo banako ukuba bosulelekile kwaye bayisasaze intsholongwane kwabanye.

Inyaniso malunga neliyeza lokugonya?

  • Izitofu zokugonya ze-COVID-19 zikhuselekile kwaye ziyasebenza.
  • Izigidi zabantu e-United States zifumene izitofu ze-COVID-19 phantsi kolawulo olomeleleyo kwimbali yase-US.

Phambi kwenkulungwane edlulileyo, izifo ezifana nokukhohlela, ipoliyo, imasisi, Haemophilus influenzae, kwaye irubella yahlasela amakhulu amawaka abantwana, abantwana kunye nabantu abadala e-US Amawakawaka asweleka minyaka le evela kubo. Njengokuba izitofu zaziphuhliswa kwaye zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi, amaqondo ezi zifo ehla de kube namhlanje uninzi lwazo ziphantse zaphela kwilizwe lethu.

  • Phantse wonke umntu e-US wafumana imasisi phambi kokuba kubekho isitofu sokugonya, kwaye amakhulu asweleka kuyo unyaka nonyaka. Namhlanje, uninzi loogqirha alikaze liyibone imeko yemasisi.
  • Ngaphezulu kwama-15,000 amaMelika asweleka ngenxa ye-diphtheria ngo-1921, phambi kokuba kubekho isitofu sokugonya. Zimbini kuphela iimeko ze-diphtheria ezixeliweyo kwi-CDC phakathi kuka-2004 no-2014.
  • Ubhubhane werubella (imasisi yaseJamani) ngo-1964-65 wosulelwa kwizigidi ezili-12½ zabantu baseMelika, wabulala abantwana abangama-2,000 11,000, kwaye wabangela ukuphuma kwesisu okungama-2012. Ukusukela ngo-15, amatyala ali-XNUMX erubella axelwa kwi-CDC.

Ngenxa yeempumelelo ezinje ngezi, kungabonakala kufanelekile ukubuza, "Kutheni le nto kufuneka siqhubeke sizigonya izifo esingasokuze sizibone?" Nasi isizathu:

Izitofu azikhuseli nje kuwe:

Uninzi lwezifo ezinokuthintelwa lokugonya zisasazeka ukusuka komnye umntu ukuya komnye. Ukuba umntu omnye ekuhlaleni ufumana isifo esosulelayo, unokusosasaza nakwabanye angenawo amajoni omzimba. Kodwa umntu okhuselweyo sisifo ngenxa yokuba egonyiwe akanako ukusifumana eso sifo kwaye akanako ukusosulela kwabanye. Okukhona bebaninzi abantu abagonywayo, kokukhona amathuba esi sifo esi ekusasazeka kakhulu.

umzekeliso: ukuba kuphela abanye bayagonywa, intsholongwane iyasasazeka. ukuba uninzi luyagonywa, ukusasazeka kuqulethwe.

Ukuba isigulo esinye okanye ezibini zesifo siziswa kwindawo apho uninzi lwabantu lungagonywanga khona, uqhambuko luya kubakho. Ngo-2013, umzekelo, ukuqhambuka kwemasisi kwenzeka kwilizwe lonke, kubandakanya nokuqhambuka okukhulu kwisiXeko saseNew York naseTexas- ikakhulu phakathi kwamaqela anezinga eliphantsi lokugonya. Ukuba amazinga okugonya ehle aya kumanqanaba asezantsi kuzwelonke, izifo zinokuba yinto eqhelekileyo njengoko zazinjalo ngaphambi kogonyo.

Ukunxiba imaski yayisisivumelwano kwihlabathi liphela, ingxoxo yayikuhlobo lwemaski.

Namhlanje uhlobo lwesigqubuthelo kubonakala ngathi alwenzi mahluko eMelika. Ingxoxo inxibe imaski konke konke.

Le ngxoxo yenzeka kwilizwe kunye nokonyuka okuphezulu kwezifo ezintsha ze-COVID-19, eUnited States of America.

Iyonke, i-United States ibinamatyala e-coronavirus angama-3,364,700 njengezolo. Izolo kwakhona ii-155,297 ezintsha ze-COVID-19 zosulelo zirekhodwe nge-769 yokufa okutsha. Abahlali abangama-637,181 baseMelika basweleka kwi-COVID-19. Ngokusekwe kubemi baseMelika. linani le-14 kwihlabathi elinamanani aphezulu eLuxembourg, eGeorgia, eAruba, eSlovenia, eSt. Barth, Maldives, San Marino, Bahrain, Gibraltar, Czech Republic, Montenegro, Seychelles, nase Andorra. Okwangoku, abemi baseMelika abangama-6,597,427 banee-COVID19 ezisebenzayo kunye ne-19,474 zikwimeko embi kwizibhedlele ezilwela ukusinda.

Ukunxiba imaski kuya kukhusela abo bakungqongileyo kusulelo. I-COVID-19 isasazeka isuka komnye umntu iye emntwini ngamathontsi okuphefumla, aqikelelwa ikakhulu xa ukhohlela, uthimla, uthetha kwaye ucula. 

I-United States yaseMelika ngoku yaMazwe aHluliweyo aseMelika.

Nasi isishwankathelo seMelika esifuna ukunxiba iimaski zokuzikhusela, kunye nabo bacinga ukuba banokubabeka abemi engozini.

Imaski okanye akukho maski idweliswe ngamaMelika:

Alabama: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

U-Gov. Kay Ivey uqalise isigunyaziso se-mask sikazwelonke esisebenza nge-16 kaJulayi ka-2020, eyalela ukuba iimaski kufuneka zinxitywe kurhulumente xa zikwi-6 leenyawo lelinye ilungu lomzi kwiindawo zangaphakathi zikawonke-wonke, ngelixa zisebenzisa iinkonzo zothutho okanye kwiindawo zangaphandle zikawonkewonke kunye nemibuthano ye-10 okanye engaphezulu yabantu. U-Gov.Ivey uvumele ukuba igunya liphele nge-9 ka-Epreli, nangona ekhuthaze ukugqoka imaski emva kokuphela kwegunya.

I-Alaska: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

ISebe lezeMpilo kunye neenkonzo zeNtlalontle zikhuthaza ukugqoka imaski nangaliphi na ixesha ekuhlaleni kunokuba ngumceli mngeni, kodwa akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente sisendaweni.

I-American Samoa: Igunya endaweni

Ukuqala ngoFebruwari 2, Gov. Lemanu PS Mauga uqalise isigunyaziso sommandla, eyalela abantu ukuba banxibe ubuso ngaphakathi nasiphi na isakhiwo sikawonke-wonke kwaye ngelixa basebenzisa izithuthi zikawonke-wonke. Iqela leziqithi ezikuLwandlekazi lwePasifiki ezenza lo mmandla libone iimeko ze-COVID-19, ngokwe-World Health Organisation, kwaye inkqubo yekhowudi sele isekiwe kummandla ovela kumbala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ukuya kobomvu, efuna iimaski inxitywe xa iphantsi kwekhowudi etyheli okanye ebomvu. Ummandla okwangoku ukhowudi eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ubuncinci kuthintelo.

IArizona: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Ngomhla kaNovemba 19, 2020, iSebe lezeMpilo lase-Arizona layalela ukuba zonke izikolo zikarhulumente zifuna iimaski zinxitywe kwiikhampasi zesikolo, kwiibhasi zezikolo nakweyiphi na imisebenzi enxulumene nesikolo. Amanye amashishini nawo anegunya lokuzifihla endaweni, kwaye ezinye iidolophu kunye neekota zinezigunyaziso zazo, kodwa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente asimiselwanga iArizona ngaphandle kwezikolo zayo. U-Gov. Doug Ducey ukusukela oko warhoxisa zonke izigunyaziso zalapha ekhaya, kunye nokuthintela ukwenziwa kwemaski kwizikolo. Emva kokuba iCDC ibhengeze ukuguqulwa kwegunya layo ngoJulayi 27 kunye neemaski ezicetyiswayo zokunxiba ezikolweni, uDucey uxele ukuba iArizona izakuqhubeka nokungavumi ukugunyaziswa kwemaski ezikolweni.

I-Arkansas: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Ukusukela nge-20 kaJulayi 2020, isigunyaziso semaski sasikhona kurhulumente, sifuna ukuba abantu bahambisane nezikhokelo zokugubungela ubuso xa bevezwa kumalungu amanye amakhaya apho umgama weenyawo ezi-6 ungenakugcinwa. U-Gov.Asa Hutchinson uphakamise igunya lika rhu lumente nge-30 ka-Matshi, nangona ebekhuthaza abantu ukuba babonakalise imbeko kwabanye kwaye bazihloniphe izigqibo zamashishini aya phambili. Ngo-Epreli, u-Hutchinson watyikitya umthetho othintela isigunyaziso ngoorhulumente basekhaya okanye oorhulumente nakwizikolo.

California: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

U-Govin Newsom uqalise isigunyaziso semaski kubantu baseCalifornia nge-18 kaJuni ka-2020, eyathi kamva yahlaziywa uku-oda ukugqunywa kobuso kunxitywe nanini na xa abantu bengaphandle kwekhaya. I-Newsom ngo-Epreli 2021 ibhengeze ukuba urhulumente uza kulungelelana neengcebiso zangaphandle ze-CDC, esithi abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo akufuneki banxibe imaski ngaphandle ngaphandle kokuba bakwisihlwele esikhulu. Ngomhla kaJuni 15, 2021, isigunyaziso semaski yaseCalifornia sihambelane nesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje sabantu abagonyiweyo, sivumela abo bagonyelweyo ukuba bayeke ukunxiba imaski kuninzi lwezicwangciso. Kodwa kwelona lizwe linabemi abaninzi, eLos Angeles County, isigunyaziso semaski sabuyela kuJulayi 18, 2021, kuye wonke umntu ngelixa esendlini, ngaphandle kokuthintela imeko.

IColorado: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ukusukela nge-20 kaJulayi ka-2020, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwafuneka banxibe imaski ngaphakathi, kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke naxa besebenzisa okanye belinde ukusebenzisa izithuthi zikawonkewonke. Igunya lenza okwahlukileyo kule minyaka ilishumi nangaphantsi kwaye abo baneemeko ezithile zonyango. Gov. Jared Polis ngo-Epreli ziphumlile iimfuno zemaski zangaphakathi kwezinye izithili eziwela phantsi kwenqanaba-lothintelo oluhlaza ngokusekwe kumanqanaba okusasazeka kwe-coronavirus. Ngomhla we-10 kaMeyi, uPolis wabhengeza ukuba walungisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sokuvumela amaqela abantu abali-2 okanye nangaphezulu ukuba aqokelele ngaphakathi ngaphandle kwemaski ukuba ama-10% okanye nangaphezulu kwabo bakhoyo bagonyiwe. Ngomhla we-80 kaMeyi, uPolis wabhengeza ukuphela kwesigunyaziso selizwe liphela, eshenxisa kwimfuno esiya kwisindululo, emva kwesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje kwabo bagonyiweyo. Iimaski zisafuneka kwezinye iisetingi, kubandakanya ezikolweni nakwizithuthi zikawonkewonke.

I-Connecticut: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

U-Gov. Ned Lamont uyalele ukuqala ngo-Epreli 20, 2020, ukuba bonke abantu kurhulumente mabanxibe imaski okanye bagqume ubuso ukuba beza ngaphakathi kweenyawo ezi-6 zelungu elingelilo elasekhaya, naxa basebenzisa izithuthi zikawonke-wonke. Ukusukela ngoSeptemba, abantu banokuhlawuliswa ukuba abawuthobeli umthetho wobuso. Ngomhla we-19 kaMeyi, 2021, igunya lalithintelwe kuphela kwiindawo zangaphakathi, kwaye abo bagonywayo abasayi kuphinda banxibe iimaski ngaphakathi. Abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-2 ubudala bakhululwe kwigunya, njengabo baneemeko ezithile zonyango.

I-Delaware: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Isigunyaziso semaski sasikhona kurhulumente ukuqala ngo-Epreli 28, 2020, apho abantu kwakufuneka banxibe izinto zokugquma ubuso xa besebenzisa uthutho loluntu, ngelixa kwishishini nakwindawo zangaphandle apho kugcinwa umgama weenyawo ezi-6 ukusuka kumalungu angengawo awekhaya kunokwenzeka. Ugqirha uJohn Carney ubhengeze ukuba nge-14 kaDisemba eqala ukusebenza, isigunyaziso semaski esiya kuqaliswa, esiya kufuna ukuba bonke abantu banxibe isigqubuthelo sobuso naninina xa bengaphakathi endlwini nelungu elingengowasekhaya. Ngomhla we-21 kaMeyi, isigunyaziso kwilizwe liphela saphakanyiswa, kwaye abantu baseDelaware ngoku bayakhuthazwa ukuba balandele isikhokelo sangaphandle nangaphandle njengoko kuchaziwe yiCDC, utshilo uCarney.

Isithili seColumbia: Igunya lendawo

USodolophu uMuriel Bowser uqalise ukugunyazisa imaski ngoJulayi 22, 2020, esithi bonke abantu mabanxibe imaski kumashishini, kwiindawo eziqhelekileyo zokuhlala, kwaye xa begcina umgama weenyawo ezi-6 akunakwenzeka ngaphandle. Umyalelo ulandela isigunyaziso sangoMeyi 2020 esifuna ukugqunywa ubuso kwishishini elibalulekileyo kwaye ngexesha lokuhamba elibalulekileyo xa iSithili besiphantsi komyalelo wokuhlala ekhaya. Umyalelo wenza ngaphandle kwabantwana abaneminyaka emi-2 nangaphantsi, kunye nabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ngo-Epreli 30, 2021, uBowser watyikitya umthetho olawulayo ovumela abantu abagonyiweyo ukuba babuthele ngaphandle ngaphandle kumaqela amancinci ngaphandle kwemaski, okanye ngabantu abangagonywanga abanxibe iimaski. Abantu abagonyiweyo banokudibana ngaphakathi ezindlwini nabanye abagonywe kwindawo yabucala ngaphandle kwemaski. Ukusukela nge-17 kaMeyi, abantu abagonywe ngokupheleleyo kufuneka banxibe iimaski kwiindawo ezifuneka kuzo, kubandakanya useto lokhathalelo lwempilo, izikolo, kumashishini apho iimaski zinyanzelekileyo nakwizithuthi zikawonke-wonke. Emva kokuba i-CDC iguqule isikhokelo sayo semaski kubantu abagonyiweyo, uSodolophu uMuriel Bowser wabhengeza ukuba isigunyaziso semaski siza kubuyela kuye wonke umntu ngelixa engaphakathi, nokuba uthini na, ngoJulayi 31.

IFlorida: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Nangona izikhundla zedolophu kunye neziphaluka zikhona, u-Rov Ron DeSantis wamisa zonke izohlwayo kunye nezohlwayo ezinxulunyaniswa nokungathobeli izithintelo ezinxulumene ne-COVID-19 ngo-Septemba 25, 2020, ethintela iinkokheli zalapha ekunyanzeliseni igunya labo. Ngo-Meyi, u-DeSantis watyikitya umthetho ophelisa yonke imiqobo ye-COVID-19 yengingqi, kubandakanya nezigunyaziso zasekhaya.

I-Georgia: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ngokuka Gov. Brian Kemp, ukugquma ubuso kukhuthazwa ngamandla ngaphandle kwamakhaya abantu, kodwa akufuneki. Umhla we-15 ka-Agasti, i-2020, iodolo ivumela izithili ukuba zitsalele isigunyaziso ukuba ziyahlangabezana nenani elithile le-COVID-19 yamatyala ngabantu abayi-100,00, kwaye ezinye iidolophu, ezinjengeAtlanta, zifuna iimaski esidlangalaleni.

Guam: Igunya endaweni

Isigunyaziso sommandla siyalela abantu ukuba banxibe iimaski "xa behlangana nabantu abangahlali ndlu inye." ISebe laseGuam lezeMpilo yoLuntu kunye neeNkonzo zeNtlalo nalo liyalele inkqubo yezohlwayo kunye nezohlwayo ngokwaphula umthetho wemaski.

IHawaii: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Kude kube ngu-16 Novemba 2020, urhulumente wayenamagunya amaninzi emaski, eyalelwa ngoorhulumente bamaphondo. Ugqirha David Ige umisele isigunyaziso selizwe lonke kubo bonke abantu abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphezulu, ngaphandle kwabo baneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ngomhla we-25 kaMeyi, u-Ige wabhengeza ukuba igunya likarhulumente langaphandle lesigqumathelo liza kuphakamisa, lisebenze kwangoko, kodwa iimaski zisafuneka ngaphakathi.

Idaho: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ngomhla kaNovemba 19, 2020, izithili ezintlanu eMantla Idaho zamisela isigunyaziso semaski, efuna ukuba zinxitywe xa ukungahambelani kwezentlalo kungenzeki. Akukho sigunyaziso kwinqanaba likarhulumente, nangona iimaski zikhuthaziwe. Ngomhla we-27 kuCanzibe, ngexa u-Gov.Brad Little wayephumile kurhulumente, u-Lt. Govan Janice McGeachin wakhupha i-executive order ethintela igunya le-mask kurhulumente, ethintela urhulumente okanye amacandelo akhe ezopolitiko, afana nezikolo zikarhulumente, ekuphumezeni igunya labo.

I-Illinois: Igunya likaRhulumente kwiNdawo

Umphathiswa u-JB Pritzker wabeka isigunyaziso kwindawo efanelekileyo ngoMeyi 1, 2020, efuna ukuba abantu kurhulumente banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni kwiindawo zangaphakathi zikawonke-wonke, kwaye xa belindele ukudibana namalungu angengawo amalungu eemitha ezi-6. Abantwana abaneminyaka emi-2 nangaphantsi baxolelwe kwigunya, njengabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ngomhla we-17 kaMeyi, 2021, uPritzker walungelelanisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente kunye nezikhokelo zeCDC, evumela abo bagonyiweyo ukuba bangabinazo iimaski kwiimeko ezininzi. Nge-27 kaJulayi, urhulumente wamkele isikhokelo se-CDC samva nje, ecebisa ukuba abantu baphinde banxibe iimaski ngaphakathi, ngaphandle kwesimo sokugonya, kwiindawo apho i-COVID-19 inyuka khona. Nge-4 ka-Agasti, uPritzker wazisa isigunyaziso semaski kubo bonke abafundi ezikolweni, ngaphandle kokuthintela imeko.

I-Indiana: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Ukusukela nge-27 kaJulayi ka-2020, abantu kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe imaski okanye begqume ubuso kurhulumente xa betyelele iindawo zangaphakathi zoluntu naxa bengakwazi ukugcina umgama ozi-6 leenyawo kumalungu angengawo awekhaya ngelixa bengaphandle. Ugqirha u-Eric Holcomb uvumele igunya liphele nge-6 ka-Epreli, kwaye iingcebiso ngemaski ngoku zithatha indawo, zicebisa kodwa azifuni ukuba kunxitywe iimaski. Iimaski zisafuneka kwizakhiwo zikarhulumente, kwindawo zovavanyo ze-COVID-19 nakwiindawo zokugonya nakwizikolo ze-K-12.

Iowa: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Phakathi kukaNovemba 17 noFebruwari 6, isigunyaziso semaski sasikhona kwindawo yabantu abathile xa bekwizithuba zoluntu zangaphakathi, naxa phakathi kweenyawo ezi-6 zamalungu angengawo amakhaya imizuzu eli-15 okanye ngaphezulu. U-Gov. Kim Reynolds uphakamise igunya, ukuqala ngoFebruwari 7, ekhuthaza abantu abasesichengeni ukuba "baqhubeke ukunciphisa imisebenzi yabo ngaphandle kwamakhaya abo." Ngomhla we-20 kaMeyi, uReynolds watyikitya umthetho othintela izigunyaziso kwizithili, ezixekweni nasezikolweni kwilizwe lonke, engavumeli iinkokheli zalapha ekhaya ukuba zenze imaski.

Kansas: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Ukusukela nge-3 kaJulayi ka-2020, igunya lokugubungela ubuso kwilizwe lonke belisenziwa ngabantu kulo lonke ilizwe xa bekwindawo zoluntu zangaphakathi, besebenzisa ezothutho lukawonkewonke, nangaphandle xa bengakwazi ukugcina umgama ozi-6 leenyawo kumalungu angengawo awekhaya. Ngomhla woku-1 ku-Epreli, abomthetho beRiphabhlikhi eKansas bawuphelisa umyalelo, kulandela umyalelo ophetheyo ovela ku-Gov.Laura Kelly wokugcina igunya lisebenza.

IKentucky: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

U-Gov.U-Andy Beshear uqalise igunya lokugubungela ubuso ukuqala nge-10 kaJulayi ka-2020, esenza isigqumathelo sobuso esifunekayo ngelixa usebenzisa uthutho loluntu, kuwo onke amashishini naxa umgama weenyawo ezi-6 kunzima ukuwugcina kuzo zonke iindawo zangaphakathi nezangaphandle zikawonke-wonke. Abantwana abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphantsi bakhululwe kwigunya, kunye nabantu abazilolonga ngokuzilolonga ngelixa begcina umgama ozi-6 leenyawo kwabanye, kunye nabo bakhubazekileyo abanokubathintela ekunxibeni ubuso ngobuso. U-Beshear ubhengeze ukuba ukuqala kwe-27 ka-Epreli, amaqela abantu abangaphantsi kwe-1,000 6 anokuqokelelana ngaphandle ngaphandle kweemaski, nangona abo bangagonywanga kufuneka baqhubeke nokunxiba iimaski ukuba umgama weenyawo ezi-6 awunakugcinwa kwabanye. Kwaye nge-11 kaMeyi, irhuluneli yabhengeza ukuba abantu abagonyiweyo banokuqokelela ngokwamaqela amancinci ngaphakathi ezindlini ngaphandle kwemaski. Ukulandela iingcebiso ze-CDC zangaphakathi kwimaski kubantu abagonyiweyo, u-Beshear ubhengeze ukuba urhulumente uza kulandela kwangoko isikhokelo esitsha, avumele abo bagonyelweyo ukuba bayeke iimfuno zemaski ngaphakathi. Nge-10 kaJuni, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sasuswa. Nge-XNUMX ka-Agasti, u-Beshear wabhengeza ukuba iimaski ziya kufuneka ngaphakathi ezikolweni, ngaphandle kokuthintela imeko.

Louisiana: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Ukusukela nge-13 kaJulayi 2020, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe iimaski ngelixa kuseto loluntu. U-Gov. John Bel Edwards ubhengeze ukuba ukuqala ngomhla wama-28 ku-Epreli, isigunyaziso sikazwelonke siya kuphakamisa, kwaye amagunya aya phambili ayakubekwa ziinkokheli zalapha nabanini bamashishini. Nangona kunjalo, iimaski zisaza kufuneka kwizakhiwo zikarhulumente, kumaziko emfundo yabasaqalayo nakwizikolo ze-K-12, kwiikholeji nakwiiyunivesithi, ezothutho loluntu kunye noseto lokhathalelo lwempilo. U-Edward ubuyisele igunya le-mask okwethutyana, nge-4 ka-Agasti ka-2021, efuna abantu abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphezulu ukuba banxibe imaski kwiindawo zoluntu zangaphakathi.

Maine: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Igosa uJanet Mills uqalise isigunyaziso sobuso ukusukela ngomhla wama-29 ku-Epreli 2020, efuna abantu kulo lonke ilizwe banxibe ubuso kuluntu. Ukusukela nge-11 kaDisemba, yahlaziywa ngolwimi oluthe ngqo malunga nokunyanzeliswa kwegunya, ekufuneka lenziwe ngabanini kunye nabaqhubi bazo zonke iindawo zikawonke-wonke zangaphakathi. Ngokuhlaziywa, iiMills zacacisa ukuba ukubanga ukuxolelwa kwezonyango ayisosizathu sokwala ukunxiba imaski yobuso kwindawo kawonke-wonke yangaphakathi. Ngo-Epreli 27, 2021, iMills yabhengeza ukuba iimaski azisayi kuphinda zifuneke ngaphandle kurhulumente, ngaphandle kwalapho kunzima ukugcina ukuhamba kude ngokomzimba, kulandela isimemezelo seCDC sesikhokelo sayo esitsha. Isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sikhushiwe saphakanyiswa nge-24 kaMeyi, nangona abantwana abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphezulu kusafuneka banxibe iimaski esikolweni nasezikhathweni zabantwana.

EMaryland: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ukusukela nge-15 ka-Epreli 2020, iMarylanders ziye zacelwa ukuba zinxibe isigubungelo ebusweni ngelixa zisebenzisa izinto zokuhamba zikawonke-wonke nakumaziko athengisa, iodolo ehlaziyiweyo ukubandakanya iimfuno zemaski ngelixa ngaphakathi endlini nakweyiphi na indawo kawonke-wonke nangaphandle xa amanyathelo okwehlisa umzimba engekho kusoloko kunokwenzeka kumalungu angengawo amalungu endlu. Ngaphandle kwenzelwe abantwana iminyaka emi-5 nangaphantsi, kunye nabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. U-Gov.Larry Hogan uphakamise isigunyaziso sangaphandle nge-Epreli 28, 2021, nangona abantu abangagonywanga bekhuthazwa ngamandla ukuba baqhubeke nokunxiba iimaski, ngakumbi xa ukudana kwezentlalo kungenakwenzeka. Isigunyaziso se-mask kwilizwe liphela saphela nge-15 kaMeyi, emva kokuba i-CDC ibhengeze isikhokelo esitsha esivumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bangahambi ngaphandle kwemaski ngaphakathi, nangona abo bengagonyelwanga bakhuthazwa ngamandla ukuba baqhubeke benxibe ubuso, ngokutsho kwamagosa ezempilo eMaryland.

EMassachusetts: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

U-Gov. Charlie Baker ubeke isigubungelo sobuso endaweni efanelekileyo nge-6 kaMeyi 2020, eyalela ukuba abantu kurhulumente banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni kwindawo kawonke-wonke naxa bengakwazi ukugcina umgama weenyawo ezi-6 ukusuka kulungu elingengowasekhaya. Ihlaziyiwe kamva ukuze ichaze ukuba iimaski kufuneka zinxitywe ngalo lonke ixesha kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke. Ukwahluka kusebenza kubantwana abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphantsi, kunye nabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. U-Baker ubhengeze ukuba isigunyaziso sikarhulumente siya kukhululeka kuseto lwangaphandle, nge-30 ka-Epreli ka-2021, ngaphandle kwaxa kungenakwenzeka ukudibana noluntu, kulandela izindululo zeCDC. Ngomhla we-29 kaMeyi, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente siphelile, nangona ukugqunywa kobuso kusaza kufuneka kwizithuthi zikawonke-wonke, ezikolweni nakwindawo zononophelo lwempilo, nakwezinye iindawo zononophelo. Abo bangagonywanga bayacetyiswa ukuba baqhubeke ngokunxiba ubuso.

IMichigan: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Emva kokuba isigunyaziso sobuso sikaGqirha Gretchen Whitmer siceliwe umngeni enkundleni, iSebe lezeMpilo laseMichigan langenelela, lifuna abakwaMichiganders ukuba banxibe izinto zokugquma ubuso ngaphakathi, kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke nakwiindawo ezixineneyo zangaphandle, ukuqala ngo-Okthobha 5, 2020. Ukuqala ngo-Epreli 26, 2021, phakathi Ukunyuka kwamatyala e-coronavirus kurhulumente, abantwana abaneminyaka eyi-2-4 kwakufuneka banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni, ngelixa babekhululwe ngaphambili. Abo baneemeko ezithile zonyango nabo baxolelwa kwigunya. Ukususela ngoMeyi 6, iimaski zazingasafuneki kwindibano zangaphandle ezinabantu abangaphantsi kwe-100, isebe lezempilo likarhulumente labhengeza, kwaye abantu abagonyiweyo akufunekanga banxibe iimaski kwindibano yokuhlala, nokuba ngaphakathi okanye ngaphandle. Ngomhla we-15 kaMeyi, uWhitmer wabhengeza ukuba urhulumente uzokuhambelana nesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje, evumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bangabinayo imaski kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi. Nge-22 kaJuni, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente siphelile.

IMinnesota: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

U-Gov.Tim Walz ugunyazisiwe ukuqala nge-25 kaJulayi ka-2020, ukuba abantu kurhulumente mabanxibe isigqubuthelo sobuso kuwo onke amashishini asendlini kunye noluntu, bekhuthaza kakhulu abantu baseMinnesota ukuba babogqume ubuso nabo ngalo lonke ixesha beshiya ikhaya. Ngaphandle kokugunyaziswa kwemaski kwenzelwe abantwana abaneminyaka emi-5 nangaphantsi, kunye nabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. UWalz wabhengeza ukuba nge-7 kaMeyi, iimaski azisafuneki kwiindawo zangaphandle, ngaphandle kweendawo ezinkulu zabantu abangaphezulu kwama-500. Irhuluneli ikwachaze ukuba isigunyaziso sikarhulumente siyakuphela ngoJulayi 1. Nge-13 kaMeyi, emva kokuba iCDC ibhengeze izindululo ezitsha kwabo bagonywayo, uWalz wabhengeza ukuba igunya lobuso likaRhulumente liza kuphela ngoMeyi 14, nangona abo abangagonyelwa bayakhuthazwa ukuba baqhubeke ngokunxiba iimaski.

I-Mississippi: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Emva kokuphelelwa kwegunya lokuzimela kwilizwe liphela ngo-Okthobha u-2020, i-Gov. Tate Reeves inyanzelise izigunyaziso kwinqanaba. Kodwa ukuqala ngoMatshi 3, izigunyaziso zemaski ziya kuphakanyiswa kuzo zonke izithili zeMississippi. Abantu basakhuthazwa ukuba banxibe izimbozo zobuso, utshilo uReeves, kodwa abayalwa ukuba benze njalo.

EMissouri: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ezinye iidolophu zamkele ugunyaziso lobuso kurhulumente, kodwa isigunyaziso kwilizwe lonke asikho. Isebe lezeMpilo laseMissouri kunye neeNkonzo eziPhezulu zicebisa abantu ukuba banxibe ubuso ngaphandle kwekhaya xa ukudana kwezentlalo kungenakwenzeka.

IMontana: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Emva koko-Gov. USteve Bullock uqalise igunya lokugubungela ubuso ngoJulayi 15, 2020, kubantu abathile kwiindawo zoluntu zangaphakathi. Kodwa u-Gov. Greg Gianforte, owangena e-ofisini ngoJanuwari ngesithembiso sokususa imaski, makaphumeze lo myalelo ngo-12. Ngo-Meyi, uGianforte watyikitya umthetho ongagunyazisi isigunyaziso sendawo.

I-Nebraska: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Iimaski zazifuneka kwabanye abasebenzi kumashishini apho abathengi banxibelelana ngokusondeleyo, njengendawo yokuthambisa kunye neendawo zokucheba iinwele, kodwa akukho gunya likazwelonke likhoyo. Ezinye iidolophu, ezinjengeOmaha, zazineemfuneko ezingqongqo zokugquma ubuso, esele ziphelelwe lixesha.

INevada: Isigunyaziso sikaRhulumente endaweni

Ukuqala nge-25 kaJuni ka-2020, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe izimbozo ebusweni kuyo nayiphi na indawo kawonkewonke. Izithintelo ezitsha zabekwa ngoNovemba 22, eyalela ukuba isigqubuthelo sobuso masinxitywe xa kukho unxibelelwano nomntu ongelolungu lekhaya, kubandakanya indibano zabucala, nokuba kungaphakathi okanye ngaphandle. Nge-3 kaMeyi, ngo-2021, u-Gqirha Steve Sisolak wabhengeza ukuba abo bagonywayo bangaqokelela ngaphakathi ezindlwini nabanye abagonywe ngokupheleleyo ngaphandle kwemaski kwaye banokuthatha inxaxheba kwezinye izinto zangaphandle ngaphandle kwemaski, belandela izikhokelo ze-CDC zabantu abagonywayo. Ngomhla we-13 kaMeyi, uSisolak wabhengeza ukuba urhulumente naye uza kulandela izikhokelo ze-CDC zabantu abagonywe ngaphakathi ezindlini, eshenxisa iimfuno zemaski kwabo bagonywe kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi. Urhulumente nge-27 kaJulayi wabhengeza isigunyaziso esitsha, ngokuhambelana nesikhokelo se-CDC, esenza iimaski kunyanzelekile kwiindawo zangaphakathi zikarhulumente kwiibalo ezinamazinga aphezulu okuhambisa i-COVID-19 kubo bobabini abagonyiweyo nabangagonywanga, ukuqala ngoJulayi 30.

INew Hampshire: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Ugqirha uChris Sununu ubhengeze isigunyaziso se-mask ukuqala kwe-20. Ngo-Epreli 2020, 16, irhuluneli yavumela ukuba kuphele igunya, icacisa ukwehla kwabantu abaswelekileyo kunye nokugonya okwandileyo.

ENew Jersey: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Isigunyaziso sangaphakathi semaski yaseNew Jersey besisendaweni ukusukela ngo-Epreli 2020. Ukuqala kwe-8 kaJulayi ka-2020, abantu kurhulumente kwakufuneka banxibe imaski kwiindawo zangaphandle apho amanyathelo okwehlisa umzimba ayengenakwenzeka. Ngomhla we-17 kuMeyi, ngo-2021, u-Gov. Phil Murphy waphakamisa igunya likarhulumente langaphandle. Ngomhla we-28 kaMeyi, isigunyaziso sangaphakathi semaski saphakanyiswa, nangona iimaski zisafuneka ngelixa kusetyenziswa uthutho loluntu, kuseto lokhathalelo lwempilo, amaziko onyango lwexesha elide kunye noseto lokhathalelo lwabantwana, phakathi kwabanye.

ENew Mexico: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Ugqirha uMichelle Lujan Grisham uqalise igunya lokugubungela ubuso, nge-16 kaMeyi ka-2020, eyalela abantu kurhulumente ukuba banxibe ubuso xa bekwindawo zoluntu. NgoJulayi, izithintelo zandiswa kwiindawo zokuzilolonga, kwaye kwabekwa isohlwayo sokuphula umthetho. Ngomhla we-14 kaMeyi, ngo-2021, urhulumente walungelelanisa igunya lakhe lokuzifihla kunye nesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje, evumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bangabinazo iimaski kuninzi lwangaphakathi nangaphandle.

ENew York: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Ukusukela nge-17 ka-Epreli 2020, igunya lokugubungela ubuso belisendaweni kurhulumente kuzo zonke iindawo zikawonke-wonke xa bengakwazi ukugcina amanyathelo okwehliswa komzimba, njengokusebenzisa izithuthi zikawonkewonke. Umyalelo wenza ngaphandle kwabantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emibini kunye nabantu abangakwaziyo ukunyamezela isigubungelo sobuso. U-Andrew Andrew Cuomo ubhengeze izikhokelo ze-mask-mandate, ngokuhambelana nezindululo ze-CDC, evumela abantu abagonyiweyo ukuba banganxibi maski kwezinye iisetingi zangaphandle, kwaye ngo-Meyi 2, 19, abo bagonywayo banokuyeka ukunxiba imaski kuninzi lwezicwangciso, kubandakanya ngaphakathi.

North Carolina: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

U-Roy Roy Cooper ubhengeze nge-23 kaNovemba ka-2020, ukuba abantu kurhulumente kufuneka banxibe ubuso xa bephakathi okanye ngaphandle kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke nakwamanye amalungu angengawo awekhaya. Ukugquma ubuso ngoku kuyafuneka ezikolweni naxa kusenziwa umthambo, ekwakheni isigunyaziso sokuqala sikarhulumente sikaJuni. Umyalelo wenza ngaphandle kwabantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-5 ubudala, kunye nabo baneemeko ezithile zonyango. U-Cooper ubhengeze umthetho olawulayo wokuphakamisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sangaphandle, nge-Epreli 30, 2021, nangona abantu besakhuthazwa ukuba banxibe iimaski kwiindawo ezixineneyo. Ngomhla we-14 kuMeyi, u-Cooper waphelisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente, emva kwesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje kwiimfuno zemaski ngaphakathi kwabo bagonyelweyo. Iimaski zisafuneka kwezinye iindawo, kubandakanya ezikolweni, useto lokhathalelo lwempilo nakwizithuthi zikawonkewonke.

North Dakota: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Phakathi kukaNovemba 14, 2020, noJanuwari 18, 2021, abantu kurhulumente kwakufuneka banxibe iimaski kuzo zonke iindawo zikarhulumente zangaphakathi nangaphandle xa amanyathelo okwehlisa umzimba engenakwenzeka. Kodwa u-Gov. Doug Burgum uvumele igunya liphele ngoJanuwari, ecaphula iinombolo zamatyala eziphuculweyo, ngelixa ebongoza uluntu ukuba luxanduva lwalo xa kuziwa ekulweni i-coronavirus. Ngo-Epreli, indlu yowiso-mthetho yagqitha i-veto yarhuluneli yaza yathintela ukuphunyezwa kwegunya lokugquma ngamagosa anyulwe kwilizwe liphela okanye ngamagosa ezempilo.

Iziqithi zaseMantla Mariana: Akukho Gunya

Ukunxiba imaski kuloo mmandla akuwunyanzelwanga, kodwa amanye amashishini aye azimela ngokuzimela xa kufuneka angene.

I-Ohio: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Ugqirha Mike DeWine uqalise igunya lokugubungela ubuso, nge-23 kaJulayi ka-2020, efuna ukuba bonke abantu banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni kuzo zonke iindawo zikawonke-wonke zangaphakathi, kubandakanya ukuthuthwa koluntu, nakwindawo zoluntu ezingaphandle xa amanyathelo okwehlisa umzimba engenakwenzeka. . Ngomhla we-17 kaMeyi, isigunyaziso semaski saseOhio sihambelane nesikhokelo seCDC samva nje, sivumela abo bagonyelweyo ukuba bayeke ukunxiba iimaski kuninzi lwangaphakathi nangaphandle. Nge-2 kaJuni, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente saphakanyiswa, nangona uDeWine wakhumbuza abo bangagonyelwanga ukuba baqhubeke nokunxiba iimaski ngaphakathi.

I-Oklahoma: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

U-Gov. Kevin Stitt ucebise ngokunxiba imaski kodwa akakhange abeke gunya likazwelonke.

I-Oregon: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Ukusukela nge-1 kaJulayi 2020, abantu kulo lonke ilizwe kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe ukugquma ubuso kwizithuba zangaphakathi zikawonke-wonke, kwaye kamva kwandiswa kwiindawo ezingaphandle. Elona gunya likarhulumente lakutshanje lokuyalela iimaski ukuba zinxitywe ngawo onke amaxesha, ngaphandle kwendawo yokuhlala okanye xa usitya okanye usela. Abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-5 baxolelwe, njengabo baneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ukuqala kwe-29 ka-Epreli ka-2021, abantu abagonywe ngokupheleleyo akusafuneki ukuba banxibe iimaski ngaphandle, ngaphandle kwendawo ezixineneyo okanye kwindibano ezinkulu. Abantu abagonywe ngokupheleleyo banokuqokelela ngaphandle kwemaski kwiindawo zokuhlala zabucala ngaphakathi ezindlini kumaqela amancinci nabanye abagonyiweyo, ngokulandela izikhokelo zeCDC. Ngomhla we-13 kuCanzibe, u-Gov. Kate Brown wabhengeza ukuba urhulumente uzakulandela izikhokelo ze-CDC zemaski kwabo bagonywayo, basebenze kwangoko, bevumela abantu abagonyiweyo ukuba bayeke ukunxiba imaski kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi. UBrown ubhengeze ukuba isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sokuzimela siza kuphakamisa xa i-70% yabantu abadala abafanelekileyo befumene idosi yokugonya enye kwilizwe lonke. Nge-30 kaJuni, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sasisuswe. UBrown ubhengeze ukuba iimaski ziya kuphinda zifuneke kwiindawo zangaphakathi zoluntu eziqala nge-13 ka-Agasti, ngaphandle kokuthintela imeko.

IPennsylvania: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Unobhala wezeMpilo uRachel Levine ubhengeze igunya elitsha le-mask ngo-Novemba 17, 2020, efuna abantu abaneminyaka emi-2 nangaphezulu ukuba banxibe iimaski naphi na apho bahlangana khona ngaphakathi kunye namalungu angengawo awekhaya, nokuba baziqhelanisa nomzimba. Ngomhla we-17 kweyoKwindla ngo-2021, utshintsho kugunyaziso lwaye lwaqala ukusebenza, luvumela abantu abagonyiweyo ukuba baqokelele ngaphandle kwemaski nabanye abagonyiweyo, kunye nabantu abasuka kwikhaya elinye nokuba khange bagonywe, ngokuhambelana Izikhokelo zeCDC. Ngomhla we-13 kaMeyi, amagosa ezempilo oluntu aseburhulumenteni abhengeza ukuba iPennsylvania iyangqinelana neengcebiso zeCDC, ivumela abo bagonyelweyo ukuba bayeke iimfuno zemaski kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi. Nge-28 kaJuni, isigunyaziso sikarhulumente sasisuswe.

I-Puerto Rico: Isigunyaziso seMask endaweni

Iimaski zobuso ziyafuneka kuwo onke amashishini naphakathi kwayo yonke imisebenzi yangaphandle kule ndawo, kulandela i-29 kaJuni ka-2020, i-odolo yolawulo. Ukususela ngoJuni 7, 2021, abo bagonyiwe akufuneki banxibe iimaski ngaphandle, okanye ngaphakathi ukuba bonke abantu bagonyiwe.

I-Rhode Island: Igunya likaRhulumente kwiNdawo

Ukuqala ngoMeyi 8, 2020, abantu kulo lonke ilizwe kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe izimbozo zobuso kuzo zonke iindawo zikawonke-wonke. Owayesakuba ngu-Gov. UGina Raimondo wakhela phezu kwelo gunya ngo-Novemba, eyalela ukuba kugqunywe ubuso ngalo lonke ixesha xa umntu ongengowekhaya ekhona, kubandakanya nangaphandle. Ngaphandle kwenzelwe abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-2 ubudala, kunye nabo bantu baneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ugqirha u-Dan McKee ubhengeze ukuba igunya liza kukhululeka ukuqala ngoMeyi 7, 2021, kugcinwe iimfuno zemaski ngaphakathi kodwa hayi ngaphandle apho abantu banokugcina ubuncinci iinyawo ezintathu zomgama kwabanye. Ngomhla we-3 kaMeyi, uMcKee walungelelanisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente kunye nolwalathiso lwamva nje lweCDC, evumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bangabinayo imaski kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi.

ISouth Carolina: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Irhuluneli uHenry McMaster sele ibongoze amagosa asekuhlaleni ukuba anyanzelise izigunyaziso, kodwa akukho gunya likazwelonke likhoyo. Ukusukela nge-Agasti ka-2020, nangona kunjalo, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe ubuso kwizakhiwo zikarhulumente, iiofisi kunye namaziko, kodwa umthetho olawulayo ngo-Matshi 5, 2021, wazisusa ezo zithintelo. Abanye oorhulumente basekhaya babenegunya lokuzifihla endaweni, kodwa i-11 kaMeyi yolawulo yenze ukuba yonke loo misebenzi ibotshelelwe kwisibhengezo esingxamisekileyo sikarhulumente ukuba singasebenzi. Umyalelo kaMcMaster kaMeyi we-11 wanika abazali amandla okukhetha abantwana babo ekunxibeni iimaski ezikolweni.

EMzantsi Dakota: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Urhulumente ukhuthaza abantu ukuba banxibe iimaski, kodwa u-Mongameli u-Kristi Noem akabeki gunya laseburhulumenteni endaweni.

Tennessee: Akukho Sigunyaziso sikaRhulumente

Ugqirha uBill Lee ucebise abantu ukuba bathathe uxanduva xa kufikwa kumba wokunxiba ubuso esidlangalaleni, ngakumbi kwiindawo zangaphakathi naxa ukudana kwezentlalo kungenzeki, kodwa akukho myalelo kuzwelonke. Amabala amaninzi kwilizwe lonke aqalise ukugunyaziswa kwemaski, kodwa u-Lee watyikitya i-oda yolawulo ngo-Epreli eyasusa igunya lasekuhlaleni kumagunya e-mask.

I-Texas: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Isigunyaziso semaski sele sikhona kurhulumente ukusukela nge-3 kaJulayi 2020, efuna ukuba abantu banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni kwiindawo zangaphakathi zoluntu, nakwindawo zoluntu ezingaphandle xa amanyathelo okwehlisa umzimba engenakwenzeka. Kodwa ngo-Matshi 2, 2021, u-Gov. Greg Abbott uthe kwinkomfa noonondaba uzakususa isigunyaziso se-mask, esisebenza nge-10 ka-Matshi, kunye nezinye izithintelo zelizwe lonke ze-COVID-19, ecaphula awona manani asezantsi kunye nezibhedlele urhulumente azibonileyo kwiinyanga . Ngomhla ka-Meyi, u-Abbott wathintela oorhulumente basekhaya, izikolo kunye nabasemagunyeni kwezempilo ekumiseleni isigunyaziso.

Olunye ulwazi malunga ne-COVID-19 eTexas

Iziqithi zeVirgin Islands: Igunya kwindawo

NgoJulayi 2020, umkhomishina wezempilo wayalela ukuba kugqunywe ubuso kwindawo enabantu, kubandakanya indawo yokusebenzela, amashishini, izikolo kunye nezithuthi zikawonkewonke. Igunya likhulula abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-2.

I-Utah: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Emva koko-Gov. UGary Herbert ubhengeze isigunyaziso selizwe lonke nge-9 kaNovemba 2020, emva kokumisela igunya kwinqanaba ledolophu. Umyalelo welizwe lonke ufuna ukuba bonke abantu kurhulumente kufuneka banxibe iimaski zobuso ngelixa bephakathi kulungiselelo lwasekhaya, nangaphandle xa beza ngaphakathi kweenyawo ezi-6 zelungu elingengowasekhaya. Igunya laphela ngo-Epreli 10, 2021.

IVermont: Akukho sigunyaziso sikarhulumente

Ukusukela nge-1 ka-Agasti 2020, 6, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe isigqubuthelo ebusweni ngelixa bengaphakathi okanye ngaphandle kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke apho badibana khona nabantu abangengabo abendlu kwaye apho bangakwaziyo ukugcina umgama weenyawo ezi-2. Igunya lenza ngaphandle kwabantwana abaneminyaka emi-1 ubudala nangaphantsi kunye nabo baneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ukuqala kuka-Meyi 2021, 15, abantu abasafuneki ukuba banxibe iimaski ngaphandle, ngaphandle kweendawo ezixineneyo apho ukuhambisa ngokwasemzimbeni kungenakwenzeka. Ukuqala kwe-14 kaMeyi, abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo banokuyeka ukunxiba iimaski ngaphakathi nangaphakathi. Nge-19 kaJuni, u-Gov. Phil Scott wabhengeza ukuphela kwesigunyaziso kunye nazo zonke ezinye izithintelo ze-COVID-80, njengoko i-XNUMX% yabantu abafanelekileyo kurhulumente babefumene idosi enye yokugonya.

IVirginia: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

U-Ralph Northam usungule isigunyaziso sokugubungela ubuso kwilizwe lonke ngoMeyi 29, 2020, eyalela abantu kulo lonke ilizwe ukuba banxibe ubuso xa bephakathi kwezithuba zikawonke-wonke naxa besebenzisa izithuthi zikawonke-wonke. Ukusukela nge-14 kaDisemba, iNortham yandise igunya lokubandakanya zonke iindawo zangaphakathi ezabiweyo kunye namalungu angengawo amakhaya, kunye neendawo zangaphandle apho kugcinwa khona umgama ozi-6 leenyawo kumalungu angengawo awekhaya. Igunya likhulula abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-5 ubudala. Ngomhla we-14 kaMeyi, ngo-2021, uNortham walungelelanisa isigunyaziso sikarhulumente kunye nesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje, evumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bangabinayo imaski kuninzi lwangaphakathi nangaphandle.

IWashington: Igunya likaRhulumente endaweni

Ukuqala kwe-26 kaJuni ka-2020, abantu kurhulumente kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba banxibe izinto zokugquma ubuso xa bekwindawo zoluntu zangaphakathi, nakwindawo zoluntu ezingaphandle xa kugcinwa umgama weenyawo ezi-6 ukusuka kwabanye akunakwenzeka. Abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-5 ubudala baxolelwe kwigunya, kunye nabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ugqirha uJay Inslee ngoMeyi 13, 2021, ubhengeze ukuba urhulumente uza kulungelelana neengcebiso zeCDC ezivumela abo bagonyiweyo ukuba bangabinayo imaski kuninzi lwangaphakathi nangaphandle.

I-West Virginia: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

U-Jim Jim Justice uqalise igunya lokugubungela ubuso, nge-14 kaNovemba ka-2020, eyalela bonke abantu kurhulumente ukuba banxibe ubuso xa bekwindawo yoluntu, ngaphandle xa besitya kwaye besela ngaphakathi kwiivenkile zokutyela. Abantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka eli-9 ubudala baxolelwe kummiselo, njengabantu abaneemeko ezithile zonyango. Ubulungisa babhengeza ngoMeyi 7, 2021, ukuba isigunyaziso sikarhulumente siza kuphakanyiswa ngoJuni 20. Ngomhla we-14 kuMeyi, iJustice yahambelana nesigunyaziso sikarhulumente kunye nesikhokelo se-CDC samva nje, ivumela abo bagonywe ngokupheleleyo ukuba bayeke imaski kwiindawo ezininzi zangaphakathi. NgoJuni 20, isigunyaziso saphakanyiswa.

IWisconsin: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente

Ukulandela umceli mngeni wezomthetho ngo-Okthobha u-2020, igunya likaGqr. Tony Evers lokugubungela ubuso lagcinwa. Igunya lifuna abantu kulo lonke ilizwe banxibe ukugquma ubuso kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke zangaphakathi, kunye neendawo ezivalelweyo njengaxa besebenzisa uthutho loluntu. Ngomhla wamashumi amathathu ananye ku-Matshi ngo-31, nangona kunjalo, emva kwempikiswano phakathi kwe-rhuluneli kunye nabanye abezomthetho bezise igunya kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseburhulumenteni, igunya lakhutshwa kwaye laphela ngokufanelekileyo.

Ukuza: Akukho Gunya likaRhulumente



Umyalelo we-mask kwilizwe lonke uqalile ukusebenza nge-9 ka-Disemba ka-2020, efuna ukugqunywa ubuso kugqunywe kwiindawo zikawonke-wonke zangaphakathi, ezinje ngamashishini, izakhiwo zikarhulumente, ngelixa usebenzisa ezothutho loluntu. Kodwa u-Gov. Mark Gordon ubhengeze ukuba uzakususa isigunyaziso, ukusukela nge-16 Matshi 2021, ecela abemi base-Wyoming ukuba "baqhubeke nokuthatha uxanduva ngezenzo zabo kwaye bahlale bekhuthele."

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UJuergen T Steinmetz

UJuergen Thomas Steinmetz uqhubekile esebenza kwishishini lokuhamba nokhenketho okoko wafikisa eJamani (1977).
Uye waseka eTurboNews ngo-1999 njengephepha leendaba lokuqala kwi-intanethi kushishino lokhenketho lwehlabathi.

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